Flame Challenge

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  • What Is Fire?


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    Why does fire burn? What's the chemistry and physics of a flame? This week, learn about the beautiful science happening inside a flame!

    Michael Faraday's Christmas lectures on candle chemistry:

    Flames in space:

    Richard Feynman talking about fire:

    Have an idea for an episode or an amazing science question you want answered? Leave a comment or check us out at the links below!
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    It's Okay To Be Smart is written and hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.DFollow me on Twitter: @jtotheizzoe
    Email me: itsokaytobesmart AT gmail DOT com
    For more awesome science, check out:
    Produced by PBS Digital Studios:

    Joe Hanson - Creator/Host/Writer
    Joe Nicolosi - Director
    Amanda Fox - Producer, Spotzen IncKate Eads - Producer
    Andrew Matthews - Editing/Motion Graphics/Animation
    Katie Graham - Camera
    John Knudsen - Gaffer

    Theme music: Ouroboros by Kevin MacLeod

    Other music via APM
    Stock images from Shutterstock, stock footage from Videoblocks


    More videos:
    Why Does February Have 28 Days?
    Why Vaccines Work
    Why Are Some People Left-Handed?
    Where Does the Smell of Rain Come From?

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    What is fire?


    Fire it up! We explain hot stuff.

    Video of a candle in microgravity:

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    Minute Physics provides an energetic and entertaining view of old and new problems in physics -- all in a minute!

    In this episode we explain why fire is red, gas flames are blue, and why you're too cool to glow.

    Music by Nathaniel Schroeder

    Created by Henry Reich Created by Henry Reich

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    What is Fire


    What fire is, using a candle flame as an example. This starts with the fact that the wax in a candle is made up of long hydrocarbon molecules that when heated, by a match for example, break up into carbon and hydrogen atoms and start moving around randomly in the form of a gas. This is called pyrolysis. They then collide with oxygen atoms in the air and give off bluish light in a process called chemiluminescence. They bond with those oxygen atoms and give off heat, adding more heat to keep the process going. This is called oxidation. Some of the newly created molecules are water and carbon dioxide. In fires where there are leftover carbon atoms, such as candle fires, those atoms may clump together to form soot. This soot heats up and glows, giving the flame it's yellowish, orangish and/or reddish color, depending on the temperature.

    This video has correct English captions. Click on the CC button at the bottom of the video to see them.

    3D models and animation done using Blender 2.63.

    To follow me on Twitter:

    Music used throughout:
    Decisions Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
    Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0

    ISRC: USUAN1100756

    Original Earth image from NASA/courtesy of nasaimages.org.

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    Time Travel and 4D Spacetime - Flame Challenge 2013 Finalist


    This video about space-time, relativity and time travel was submitted to the Flame Challenge 2013, whose goal was to give an answer to the question What Is Time? that an 11-year old could understand. Tens of thousands of grade 5 students from all over the world rated the submitted entries, and my video made the short list of finalists:

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    Ella Mae sings An American Trilogy by Elvis Presley


    20 months old and she's a big fan of Elvis and her Daddy!

    11/1/2013 UPDATE:

    We had the great pleasure of meeting Lisa Marie Presley at her concert last week. She was so nice and hung out with Ella before the show. It was an amazing experience for the whole family!

    For those of you wanting to see more Ella, I've uploaded pictures of the event and various other pictures here.


    8/5/2013 UPDATE:

    Thank you everyone for all the kind words about Ella Mae! We really appreciate all of the likes and shares!!! She really is a lot of fun as you can see.

    To answer the big question, Yes Ella does like to sing other songs. Some of her favorites include, of course more Elvis - Suspicious Minds & Lawdy Miss Clawdy; The Beatles - Twist & Shout; Stray Cats - Stray Cat Strut; JD McPherson - Fire Bug; The Beach Boys - Barbra Ann; Bruno Mars - The Lazy Song; Bobby Day - Rockin' Robin and Richard Marx - Right Here Waiting For You (duet with Mom!!!). However she is only 21 months old and easily distracted so it can be quite challenging to get another video like this one. If we can come up with another good one I will definitely post it.

    For all of the comments about the straps on the car seat, we adjusted them shortly after posting this video. They now sit below her shoulders. Thanks for the advice!

    Thanks again for all of the positive feedback!


    For licensing/usage please contact: licensing(at)jukinvideo.com

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    Strange New Form of Fire Seen Aboard the Space Station | NASA Science HD Video


    Visit my website at - while experimenting with flames on board the International Space Station, astronauts have created a new, cool-burning form of fire that may help improve automobile engine combustion. Please rate and comment, thanks!
    Credits: NASA

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    Amazing 7 Year Old Alexa Narvaez Sings Home In a Duet With Dad Jorge


    7 Year Old Alexa Narvaez Does An Amazing Duet With Her Daddy Jorge Singing The Classic Song Home on America's Got Talent

    You May Also Remember Her From The Hyundai Christmas Commerical Where She & Her Dad Sang Feliz Navidad

    You Can Watch Movies Videos Of Alexa & Her Dad By Scrolling Down And Clicking On The Links

    Watch America's Got Talent On Monday's & Tuseday Nights At 8 p.m.

    Check Out These Other Videos By Adorable Alexa & Her Dad Jorge

    Simply Click See More On The Tag's & Click On Alexa and Jorge Narvaez And It Will Take You To All Their Videos Or Scroll Down & Click On The Links Below

    & Check Out Their Facebook Page ...


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    Alan Aldas Flame Challenge Illuminates Importance of Communicating Science


    Clarity, specificity and humor are among the best tools for making kids grasp even simple questions like What is a flame? Science correspondent Miles O'Brien talks to actor Alan Alda and scientist Neil deGrasse Tyson about the need to explain science concepts to the public.

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    What is Fire?


    What is fire, and what is required to start one? This video describes the four requirements of a fire and how they react together to form a flame.

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    Why is the Solar System Flat?


    Thanks to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University for supporting us on Subbable.com! -

    A big thanks as well to Subbable supporters The Great Tobini (aka Tobyn Pearson) and Georgi Yanev! You make it possible for us to continue making MinutePhysics

    Music video -
    What to do When it's Cold Outside -

    Galaxy simulation by Rob Crain (Leiden) and the Virgo Consortium, visualization by Rob Crain (Leiden) and Jim Geach (Hertfordshire)

    MinutePhysics is on Google+ -
    And facebook -
    And twitter - @minutephysics

    Minute Physics provides an energetic and entertaining view of old and new problems in physics -- all in a minute!

    Music by Nathaniel Schroeder

    Created by Henry Reich Created by Henry Reich

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    NASA Water Balloons in Zero G


    I know this is available from others on YouTube, but my videos are higher quality since I got them directly from the person who shot the footage. I worked at NASA Glenn (NASA Lewis at the time) for a co-op in 1996 (97? can't remember for sure). One of my co-workers, Jim Simms, shot this video on the vomit comet and gave me a copy on VHS.

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    What is Sleep - 2015 Flame Challenge Winner


    A video made by us for the Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science's 2015 Flame Challenge, and we won! The award was presented to us on May 31st of 2015 by Alan Alda himself. Looking for a video to show your kid why sleep is important? This is it! This short 5 minute video is perfect for showing anyone why sleep is important and guess what... It's NOT BORING!!! You will actually still be awake when it's over :)

    Over 20,000 11-year-olds voted on over 200 scientist's entries for this years Challenge and we were even complemented by hearing the testimonies that it was the funniest AND most informative of all the entries. Thanks very much to Stony Brook University for presenting us with this opportunity.

    Director/Writer/Producer/Director of Photography/Audio/Editor:
    Eric Galicia

    Acting/Animation/Art Design:
    Brian Galicia

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    What Is Fire?


    Science expert Emerald Robinson explains what fire is.To view over 15,000 other
    how-to, DIY, and advice videos on any topic, visit

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    What is Color? Flame Challenge Winner 2014


    This is the winning entry for the 2014 Flame Challenge put on by Alan Alda and the Center for Communicating Science.

    The competition is judged by 27,000 5th graders from around the world.


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    What is Fire? Heres a Clear Explanation:


    A detailed explanation of how a flame gets its heat, color, and shape

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    Supersized Slow-Mo Slinky Drop


    What happens when a super long slinky is dropped?

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    What is fire? - James May Q&A; - Head Squeeze


    Discover the scientific nature of fire with James May in this Head squeeze video Q&A.;

    Fire, pretty essential really and something we often take for granted, but what exactly is it? Well to create fire you need three things - some fuel, a heat source and oxygen. If we remove any one of these, then the fire will go out. When we apply sufficient heat to the fuel for it to reach its ignition point, the material will combust in the presence of oxygen.

    Combustion is actually the process by which the fuel decomposes, its molecules breaking down, releasing and recombining with the oxygen to produce water, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and all sorts of other things.

    The flames which we see are composed of incandescent soot, this is not fire, as ethanol for example, can produce fire without visible flames. Incandescence increases with temperature and so we can estimate the heat of the flames moving from red, through orange, to the hottest of all - white heat.

    There's much more to fire than this and James May explains all in this fantastic head squeeze video. If you enjoyed it as much as we did subscribe for more, like, share and give us your thoughts in the lively comments below.

    To find out exactly how things burn check out Fran Scott's Live Experiment:

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    What is time? Flame Challenge winner explains in simple terms


    Communicating complex ideas to fifth graders doesn't always come naturally to brilliant scientists. But Livermore's Fun with Science presenter Nick Williams has developed a talent for it. His description of time as Forward Movement was voted the written entry winner of the 2013 Flame Challenge by more than 20,000 students.

    Watch kids debate which entry is the best (segment starts at 1:22:45)

    See Nick's winning submission
    — with Alan Alda at The Flame Challenge.

    Set up your own Fun with Science field trip

    Learn about public tours of the Livermore Lab:

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    The Science of Fire


    Richard Feynman describes the chemical chain reaction that we call fire.

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    The Original Double Slit Experiment


    Light is so common that we rarely think about what it really is. But just over two hundred years ago, a groundbreaking experiment answered the question that had occupied physicists for centuries. Is light made up of waves or particles?

    The experiment was conducted by Thomas Young and is known as Young's Double Slit Experiment. This famous experiment is actually a simplification of a series of experiments on light conducted by Young. In a completely darkened room, Young allowed a thin beam of sunlight to pass through an aperture on his window and onto two narrow, closely spaced openings (the double slit). This sunlight then cast a shadow onto the wall behind the apparatus. Young found that the light diffracted as it passed through the slits, and then interfered with itself, created a series of light and dark spots. Since the sunlight consists of all colours of the rainbow, these colours were also visible in the projected spots. Young concluded that light consist of waves and not particles since only waves were known to diffract and interfere in exactly the manner that light did in his experiment.

    The way I have always seen this experiment performed is with a laser and a manufactured double slit but since the experiment was conducted in 1801 I have always thought that it should be possible to recreate the experiment using sunlight and household materials. That is basically what I did here. I will show the interference pattern I observed with my homemade double slit on 2Veritasium but I chose to use a manufactured double slit here to ensure that the pattern was impressive for observers at the beach.

    Special thanks to Henry, Brady, and Rupert for their cameos, Glen for filming and Josh for helping create the apparatus. Thanks also to the Royal Society for allowing us to view the original manuscript of Young's lecture and the University of Sydney for lending the double slits.

    Music by Kevin Mcleod (incompetech.com) Danse Macabre, Scissors

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    What is The Flame Challenge?


    Since he was 11 years old, Alan Alda has asked questions about flames. But for a long time, the answers eluded him. As he learned at a young age, procuring information from the notoriously insular scientific community is often difficult. Generally, they’re not the best communicators, he said, particularly when it comes to discussing their fields of expertise. But could that change?

    At the World Science Festival program, “Alan Alda’s Burning Question: What Is A Flame?,” the actor and noted science enthusiast acknowledged that unpacking complex scientific ideas to a lay person is “very hard to do” but certainly not impossible. As he addressed roughly 200 audience members gathered at the Bennack Theater at the Paley Center for Media, Alda said that teaching scientists to explain theories and voice their work clearly is vital for breaking through public resistance to new ideas and beliefs.

    The World Science Festival gathers great minds in science and the arts to produce live and digital content that allows a broad general audience to engage with scientific discoveries. Our mission is to cultivate a general public informed by science, inspired by its wonder, convinced of its value, and prepared to engage with its implications for the future.

    Subscribe to our YouTube Channel for all the latest from WSF.
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    Tonight You Belong To Me


    Beautiful song sung by Steve Martin and Bernadette Peters. I'm not a fan of the movie, but this scene is so sweet.

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    Why Do We Kiss?


    The scientific study of kissing is philematology
    Follow Michael Stevens:
    Sources and links to learn more:

    Kissing facts:

    Longest kiss:

    general info on kissing:

    birds kissing (billing):

    kiss researcher interview [video]:

    pac man's shape:


    Alicia Silverstone premastication video:

    history of baby food:

    old baby food instructions:

    infant vision:


    Being watched:


    Gaze papers:

    psychic staring effect:

    Harry Harlow [video]:

    Harry Harlow links:

    Hess ducklings:


    Attachment links:

    (TEXT BOOK scans)

    description of puppy experiment:

    puppy experiment in Guy Murchie's book:

    acceptance of uncertainty:

    music by:
    Vsauce on facebook:
    Euronews Knowledge channel:



    GEEKNUT- - Cool/funny and geeky stuff



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    video by- mist8k



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    Fake Volumetric Cloud in Autodesk Flame


    Creating Fake Volumetric 3D Cloud in Autodesk Flame

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    Make Colorful Fire Flames ~ Incredible Science


    Visit us at:
    Chemical List:

    Strontium Chloride=RED, Sodium Carbonate=YELLOW, Cupric Sulfate=GREEN, Potassium Chloride=PURPLE, Cupric Chloride=BLUE

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    What Is a Flame?


    A brief animated explanation of fire.

    produced by Mara Grunbaum ( and Ferris Jabr (

    music: DJ Rkod

    an entry in the 2012 Flame Challenge:

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    Chemistry experiment 46 - Flaming Flask


    Aluminium by itself is a very reactive metal. However, aluminium is oxidized when exposed to air, forming a thin layer of protective aluminium oxide on its surface.

    When some aluminium foil is added to a solution of copper(II) chloride in concentrated hydrochloric acid, the layer of aluminium oxide will be destroyed by chloride ions.

    Al2O3 + 2Cl- + 3H2O → 2[Al(OH)2Cl] + 2OH-

    The exposed aluminium metal reacts with hydrochloric acid, producing hydrogen gas.

    2Al + 6H3O+ → 2Al3+ + 6H2O + 3H2

    Hydrogen gas can be ignited.

    The color of the flame is blue/green due to the presence of Cu2+ ions.

    - Hydrochloric acid is very corrosive

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    Flame Challenge by Beatrice the Biologist


    Beatrice the Biologist takes on the Flame Challenge put forth by the Center for Communicating Science

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    What is a flame?


    A submission for the What is a flame challenge. Written by Simon Schreier. Made with generous help from Rich Pryor. I hope this is fun and educational

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    Fire In Space - Its Not What You Know


    NASA's Flame Extinguishment Experiment (FLEX) has been studying fire in microgravity aboard the ISS. Flame producing temperatures, flare-up oxygen levels as well as volatile liquid behavior all differ in space as compared to Earth. - To View More SPACE VIDEO - Go to:

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    How Special Relativity Makes Magnets Work


    MinutePhysics on permanent magnets:
    Subscribe to Veritasium:
    Support Veritasium- get a t-shirt:
    Subscribe to MinutePhysics:

    Magnetism seems like a pretty magical phenomenon. Rocks that attract or repel each other at a distance - that's really cool - and electric current in a wire interacts in the same way. What's even more amazing is how it works. We normally think of special relativity as having little bearing on our lives because everything happens at such low speeds that relativistic effects are negligible. But when you consider the large number of charges in a wire and the strength of the electric interaction, you can see that electromagnets function thanks to the special relativistic effect of length contraction. In a frame of reference moving with the charges, there is an electric field that creates a force on the charges. But in the lab frame, there is no electric field so it must be a magnetic field creating the force. Hence we see that a magnetic field is what an electric field becomes when an electrically charged object starts moving.

    I was inspired to make this video by Prof. Eric Mazur

    Huge thank you to Ralph at the School of Physics, University of Sydney for helping us out with all this magnetic gear. Thanks also to geology for loaning the rocks.

    This video was filmed in the studio at the University of New South Wales - thanks to all the staff there for their time and support.

    Music: Firefly in a Fairytale, Nathaniel Schroeder, and Love Lost (Instrumental) by Temper Trap licensed from CueSongs.com

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    Top 10 Science Experiments/Hacks Compilation Of The Month


    Subscribe to my 2nd channel

    10 - Kahlua and Milk Bar Trick - Density Experiment

    9 - Dry Ice Bubbles - Science Experiments

    8 - Mercury (II) Thiocyanate Decomposition - Chemical Reaction

    7 - How to Remove a Ring From a Swollen Finger

    6 - Dry Ice Smoke Ring Launcher - Science Experiment

    5 - How to Open a Can with Your Bare Hands - Zombie Survival Tips #28

    4 - Self Freezing Coca Cola

    3 - Amazing Bubble Science Experiment

    2 - How to Make Your Shoes Waterproof

    1 - 2 Pounds of Dry Ice Experiment

  • What is a Flame? answered by Astros Flammable Flaboratory


    Oh what is a flame!? you ponder? Well, so are an entire herd of 11-year-old scientists internationally, and Astro is doing his darndest to

    a) Help them out, and
    b) Not catch himself on fire

    Check out the flame challenge set forth by Alan Alda at flamechallenge.org
    or the Mission Science workshop at missionscienceworkshop.org, where this one is filmed.

    Filming by Sebastian Kleppe, Aaron Martin, Sol McKinney, and Sam Haynor
    Science Assistance by Dan Sudran and David Selassie
    Music by Will Greene
    Puppeteering and Magicmaking by Hannah Shulman and Loren Baxter
    Voices by Sam Haynor

    Have a wonderful one,
    The MSW and the CSWN

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    Judges Lack Confidence in This Shy 14 Year Old Until She Starts Singing!


    GREAT! Wonderful 13years old boy sing Listen without music ..

    Incredible Child Singer EVER ! 8 Years Old !

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    What is a Flame?


    This 5 minute piece is meant to describe What is a Flame? to an 11 year old listener. Submitted to Alan Alda's What is a Flame? contest.

    see for the winner and runner ups.

    Unfortunately - not one of the finalists.

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    Feynman: Fire FUN TO IMAGINE 2


    Physicist Richard Feynman talks more about jiggling atoms and heat, and about what fire is... From the BBC TV series 'Fun to Imagine'(1983). You can now watch higher quality versions of some of these episodes at bbc.co.uk/archive/feynman/

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    Do Not Open Bottle - Cool Science Prank


    It's the ultimate prank using the simplest of props... a plastic soda bottle filled with water. Even though the words, DO NOT OPEN are printed on the bottle, people just can't resist the temptation. Watch out, the fun is just beginning.

    About Steve Spangler Science...

    Steve Spangler is a celebrity teacher, science toy designer, speaker, author and an Emmy award-winning television personality. Spangler is probably best known for his Mentos and Diet Coke geyser experiment that went viral in. Spangler is the founder of SteveSpanglerScience.com, a Denver-based company specializing in the creation of science toys, classroom science demonstrations, teacher resources and home for Spangler's popular science experiment archive and video collection. Spangler is a frequent guest on the Ellen DeGeneres Show and Denver 9 News where he takes classroom science experiments to the extreme. For teachers, parents or DIY Science ideas – check out other sources of learning:

    Join the Science Club and check out other cool science experiments at -

    Sign up to receive a FREE Experiment of the Week-

    Attend a Spangler Hands-on Science Workshop for Teachers -

    Watch Steve on Local and National Media Appearances on YouTube at:

  • Alan Alda on Q


    Actor, author & science enthusiast Alan Alda left an indelible mark on popular culture playing Benjamin Franklin Hawkeye Pierce on M*A*S*H for 11 seasons. He joins Jian on stage in front of a sold-out crowd at the Gerald Lynch Theater in New York City to talk about his career, growing up in New York City, and his passion for science education.

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    Producing Electricity from Potatoes - Science Project


    For more videos:
    Official LearnByWatch Website:

    In this video two youngsters Atul Pal and Alok Verma will show you how you can Produce Electricity from Potatoes using some basic components. You can make such projects easily by watching these videos. If you like these videos please share them and comment on it.

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    Alan Alda is Trying to Find the Next Carl Sagan


    Miles O'Brien reports on Alan Alda's contest, which challenges scientists to explain the science behind a flame, while flexing their communication muscles. The judges are thousands of 11-year-olds.

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    Candle flame in Zero-G on the Mir


    Candle flame in zero gravity on the Mir space station.

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