Kurt Godel: The Worlds Most Incredible Mind
15:00
Kurt Godel: The World's Most Incredible Mind.
Either mathematics is too big for the human mind or the human mind is more than a machine ~ Godel
Kurt Godel (1931) proved two important things about any axiomatic system rich enough to include all of number theory.
1) You'll never be able to prove every true result..... you'll never be able to prove every result that is true in your system.
2) Godel also proved that one of the results that you can never prove is the result that says that the system is consistent. More precisely: You cannot prove the consistency of any mathematical system rich enough to include the known theory of numbers.
Hence, any consistent mathematical system that is rich enough to include number theory is inherently incomplete.
Second, one of the propositions whose truth or falsity cannot be proved within the system is precisely the proposition that states that the system is consistent.
What Godel's proof means, then, is that we can't prove that arithmetic—let alone any more-complicated system—is consistent.
For 2000 years, mathematics has been the model—the subject—that convinces us that certainty is possible. Yet Now there's no certainty anywhere—not even in mathematics.
More...
Kurt Godel: The Worlds Most Incredible Mind
14:55
Kurt Godel: The World's Most Incredible Mind.
Either mathematics is too big for the human mind or the human mind is more than a machine ~ Godel
Kurt Godel (1931) proved two important things about any axiomatic system rich enough to include all of number theory.
1) You'll never be able to prove every true result..... you'll never be able to prove every result that is true in your system.
2) Godel also proved that one of the results that you can never prove is the result that says that the system is consistent. More precisely: You cannot prove the consistency of any mathematical system rich enough to include the known theory of numbers.
Hence, any consistent mathematical system that is rich enough to include number theory is inherently incomplete.
Second, one of the propositions whose truth or falsity cannot be proved within the system is precisely the proposition that states that the system is consistent.
What Godel's proof means, then, is that we can't prove that arithmetic—let alone any more-complicated system—is consistent.
For 2000 years, mathematics has been the model—the subject—that convinces us that certainty is possible. Yet Now there's no certainty anywhere—not even in mathematics.
More...
Gödels Incompleteness Theorem - Numberphile
13:53
Marcus du Sautoy discusses Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem
More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓
Extra Footage Part One:
Extra Footage Part Two:
Professor du Sautoy is Simonyi Professor for the Public Understanding of Science and a Professor of Mathematics at the University of Oxford.
Professor du Sautoy's book as mentioned...
In the US it is called The Great Unknown -
In the UK it is called What We Cannot Know -
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Kurt Gödel - from the Limits of understanding
3:38
A brief bio of Kurt Gödel from :-
The Limits of Understanding - World Science Festival
22/42 The Secrets of Kurt Gödel 1080 HD
14:43
for more info.
This is part 22 of 42. As you may have noticed, I am releasing them totally out of order, but that won't matter. In this part we begin our study of Kurt Gödel. We will focus on Gödel from parts 22-28.
Godels Incompleteness Theorem
10:09
Grade 11 Math Project by Murphy
IQ 200+ | Smartest person ever
12:58
Part one (of four) of a meta-analysis ranking of the world's 37 greatest geniuses, child prodigies, and thinkers ever said to have had an IQ of 200 or above, with a countdown to the #1 all-time smartest person ever:
Smartest person alive | existive (2013) rankings:
Video history
This listing originated out of a personal home collection folder, and was first online with 15 people listed in 2008:
A quickly-made first draft 10-minute YouTube video (IQ 200+ | Smartest person ever) was online in 2009, with about 18 individuals, getting about 30,000 views. This new 2010, 52-minute, four-part, version is the most up-to-date version with more references and newly found individuals, and re-ranked in a cogent realistic manner (the original version simply listed people in descending order of IQ, which began to become nonsensical, e.g. listing people like De Mello, Kearney, and Cawley, above Newton). A detailing of the references to each IQ estimate is found here:
Maxwell's 1878 A Paradoxical Ode:
New expanded (under-construction) Genius IQ table (IQ=140+):
(a realistic meta-analysis ranking of all known geniuses and their known or estimated IQs).
Visualizing Fermats Last Theorem
3:35
Fermat's Last Theorem has been a subject of fascination for several hundred years. This animation was created before the modern mathematical proof became known, and makes a heroic effort to show what might be understood about the theorem using only computer graphics, ending with a bit of fun at Fermat's expense.
Gödels Second Incompleteness Theorem, Proof Sketch
7:05
In order for math to prove its own correctness, it would have to be incorrect. This result is Gödel’s second incompleteness theorem, and in this video, we provide a sketch of the proof.
Created by: Cory Chang
Produced by: Vivian Liu
Script Editor: Justin Chen, Brandon Chen, Zachary Greenberg
Special thanks to Ryan O’Donnell, associate professor at Carnegie Mellon University (
Twitter:
—
Extra Resources:
Ryan O’Donnell’s slide deck:
Wikipedia entry:
Boolean algebra:
Playlist to previous videos:
Stephen Wolfram - Is Mathematics Invented or Discovered?
10:09
For more videos and information from Stephen Wolfram
For more videos on whether mathematics is invented or discovered
To buy episodes and seasons of Closer To Truth click here
Mathematics describes the real world of atoms and acorns, stars and stairs, with remarkable precision. So is mathematics invented by humans just like chisels and hammers and pieces of music?
Gödels Incompleteness Theorem - Professor Tony Mann
6:22
A short mind-bending trip through the wonderful world of Mathematical Paradoxes: An examination of some recent work on paradoxes by the Austrian-American Mathematician Kurt Gödel. You can watch the full lecture by Professor Tony Mann here:
Gödel, Escher, Bach - Lecture 1: Part 1 of 7
9:30
During the summer of 2007, Gödel, Escher, Bach was recorded for OpenCourseWare.
Original Content Location:
Terms Of Use:
Godels Lasting Legacy
4:45
Austrian logician Kurt Gödel’s incompleteness theorems showed us the limitations of mathematics within mathematics. While math is still useful for proving scientific theorems, Gödel transformed the perception of pure mathematics in a way that still makes modern mathematicians uncomfortable. Here, leading thinkers—a mathematician, a philosopher, and a physicist—wrestle, almost literally, with the implications of Gödel’s legacy.
Watch the full program here:
Original program date: June 4, 2010
The World Science Festival gathers great minds in science and the arts to produce live and digital content that allows a broad general audience to engage with scientific discoveries. Our mission is to cultivate a general public informed by science, inspired by its wonder, convinced of its value, and prepared to engage with its implications for the future.
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Godels Incompleteness Theorem
9:24
A short description of how Zermelo-Fraenkel Set Theory Avoids Russell's Paradox, but falls into Godel's Incompleteness Theorem.
Maths Existential Crisis
6:55
Math isn’t perfect, and math can prove it. In this video, we dive into Gödel’s incompleteness theorems, and what they mean for math.
Created by: Cory Chang
Produced by: Vivian Liu
Script Editors: Justin Chen, Brandon Chen, Elaine Chang, Zachary Greenberg
Special thanks to Ryan O’Donnell, associate professor at Carnegie Mellon University (
Twitter:
—
Extra Resources:
Ryan O’Donnell’s slide deck:
Wikipedia Entry:
Axiomatic Systems:
Peano Axioms:
Principle of Explosion:
Picture credits:
Computer Scientists Prove The Existence of God
3:35
Gödels First Incompleteness Theorem, Proof Sketch
6:20
Kurt Gödel rocked the mathematical world with his incompleteness theorems. With the halting problems, these proofs are made easy!
Created by: Cory Chang
Produced by: Vivian Liu
Script Editor: Justin Chen
Special thanks to Ryan O’Donnell, associate professor at Carnegie Mellon University (
Twitter:
—
Extra Resources:
Ryan O’Donnell’s slide deck:
Wikipedia entry:
Rules of deductive calculus:
Proof that square root of 2 is irrational, in Metamath:
Mizar system:
Metamath:
Playlist to previous videos:
The Most IMPORTANT Video Youll Ever See
9:18
5 million views for an old codger giving a lecture about arithmetic?? What's going on? You'll just have to watch to see what's so damn amazing about what he (Albert Bartlett) has to say.
I introduce this video to my students as Perhaps the most boring video you'll ever see, and definitely the most important. But then again, after watching it most said that if you followed along with what the presenter (a professor emeritus of Physics at Univ of Colorado-Boulder) is saying, it's quite easy to pay attention, because it is so damn compelling.
Entire playlist for the lecture:
Godels Incompleteness Theorem - Intro to Theoretical Computer Science
2:55
This video is part of an online course, Intro to Theoretical Computer Science. Check out the course here:
Kurt Gödel and the Mathematical Paradox | This Statement is Unprovable
2:17
Brief glimpse into Kurt Gödel's incompleteness theorem and the limits to the logical basis of a perfect language system. Text excerpted from Andrew Hodges' wonderful book on Alan Turing.
Primes and Twin Primes: An Awesome Journey Pt.1 of 4
14:31
Part 1 of 4. These videos convey the thought process in discovering several methods to study Prime Numbers. Great visualizations will guide you through the beauty of the primes, while compelling insights will lay a foundation for the Twin Prime Conjecture. Recommended to watch in HD mode. Go to sievesofchaos.com for more information and visualizations.
Math genius Worlds greatest math prodigy Mathematics savant Maths 3.14 Pi Day March 14 Daniel Tammet
8:14
At 3.14 (3 minutes 14 seconds) David Letterman learns what pi means! Daniel Tammet is an amazing math genius who memorised pi to 20,000 places. Is he the world's greatest math prodigy? He is an amazing mathematics savant or maths prodigy.
A Pattern in Prime Numbers ?
2:01
An interesting phenomenon I stumbled upon recently.
Hope you find it as fascinating as me.
If there are any mathematicians in the audience who can explain this,
(in a simple way) feel free to comment.
(Oh, and yes, I returned the voice to Professor Hawking, but he left me a copy ;)
...ok, I made it with speakonia :) )
Also I made a large rendering of the pattern available for download here:
(It is the smallest download button on the page...,
and please let me know when the link expired.)
Could be a nice poster :) as suggested by user bobbooty.
Music:
e-world by zero-project
is licensed under a Creative Commons license:
THUNK - 27. Gödel and the Black Hole of Mathematics
5:19
Kurt Gödel proved that math has an incurable flaw that will plague it, and us, forever. Learn what it is, and why it has to do with everything from your computer to your brain!
-Links for the Curious-
A fantastic blog post detailing how the incompleteness theorem can be logically deduced from the halting problem, and vice-versa -
A lecture by Stephen Hawking about how Gödel's theorem might contain a central truth of physics, namely its inevitable failure -
A paper detailing how a human brain isn't immune to the incompleteness theorem's effects -
Alfred Whitehead and Bertrand Russell's Principia Mathematica, a triumph in mathematical rigor -
Russell's Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy, a fantastic work demonstrating just what sort of thinking was turned upside-down by Gödel's proof -
Yes, I know that most non-German/Austrian people pronounce it Girdle. That's not quite right; I'm trying to say it closer to how it's pronounced in Gödel's language -
1/42 Secret History: Part 1 Georg Cantors Mystical Philosophy of Infinity
14:04
*** Visit *** This is part 1 of my 42 part series revealing the meaning of life and the mysteries of the universe!
Parts 1-7 focus on Georg Cantor explaining lots of the details about his philosophy never dealt with before on YouTube!
Some important links that pertain to this video:
- to find books mentioned in this video.
- Dr. Chris Menzel's Paper on Cantor which gets into Plato, paradoxes, etc..
- Dr. Kai Hauser on Cantorian sets in light of Plato
- a most fascinating paper by Professor Jerzy Mioduszewski found where Cantor's is sometimes quoted, paraphrased or his ideas and life are presented.
- paper by Anne Newstead
- Cantor's English Translation of Contributions to the founding of the theory of transfinite numbers which has much of the philosophy logically purified away but still covers the basic mathematics.
And finally a book I used heavily for this video:
Marshall McLuhan: The World is Show Business
6:32
You can't have a point of view in the Electronic Age
~McLuhan
Encounter with Albert Einstein and Kurt Godel by Vic Shapiro
1:13
Victor Shapiro discusses an encounter with Albert Einstein and Kurt Godel in Princeton
How Einstein, Heisenberg and Gödel Used Constraints to Rethink the Universe, with Janna Levin
4:51
If you can't break through a wall, you climb over it. Janna Levin, Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Barnard College, points to three genius scientists who embraced limitations. Levin's latest book is Black Hole Blues and Other Songs from Outer Space (
Read more at BigThink.com:
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Transcript - I became interested in this phenomenon of constraints inspiring creative outbursts. And if you look at the last century there were three really profound examples of that. I would say the earliest that I found incredibly interesting was the limit of the speed of light leading Einstein to the theory of relativity. Where a lot of other scientists wanted to remove the limit, they wanted to say, 'There is no limit to the speed of light. That doesn't make any sense. That's impossible.' Einstein actually, despite the word relativity, adhered to a very strict absolute. And that absolute was the speed of light. He took that to be his guiding constraint. And by sticking to it rigidly he said, 'I'll give up anything else but the speed of light, the constancy of the speed of light.' And by doing so he gave up on the absolute nature of space and time.
I mean that's just much harder to let go of intuitively and a much greater violation of our common sense, but it was right. And so this was an example where this tight constraint led to a creative outburst. From this one constraint you could trace the line, not only to the relativity of space and time but the expansion of the universe; the existence of black holes; the ideal that the entire space has a shape, all of these things burgeoned from this really tight constraint.
Another great example is the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. So Heisenberg begins to believe that we can't precisely know the location of a particle and its motion and its momentum. And this seems to violate what we believe that things objectively exist, that there should be no such limit, but he takes it very seriously. He doesn't just say, 'Oh it's often cast in this way; oh disturb a particle when we observe it therefore we can't also know it's momentum once we've located it because in the process of measuring it we've somehow disturbed it.' That's not really true. It's much deeper than that. Read Full Transcript Here:
Construction of Reality - Merchandising Ideas
10:31
This is an excerpt from the documentary Evidence Of Revision, Part 5, which introduces the viewer to how social reality is constructed in America today, via control of frames and schemas that impact the perception of its recipients. As Daniel Goleman tells us, reality is nothing more than a set of shared perceptions amongst a given audience.
Please see The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge by Berger & Luckman for more:
To Berger and Luckman the world is a Hollywood stage front, but not a delusion. The authors explain that the next generation forgets, or is led to believe, that the social world is given when it was produced or manufactured. But it isn't manufactured mechanistically but is interactively produced. The social order can be maintained by various techniques including intimidation, propaganda, mystification, or the manipulation of symbols. However, man is not a passive, but a reactionary creature that will not merely swallow social reality whole but will also often try and alter it. As the authors state man produces society, society becomes an objective, coercive, and reified (as in deified) reality, and, in turn, man becomes a social product of his own creation. Man experiences alienation when he forgets he created society or when he is powerless to control what he created. Man experiences what is called anomie when social worldviews no longer reflect reality.
John Taylor Gatto - What is the Purpose of Education?
10:20
Lets start five centuries ago when John Calvin, who seemed to me the most influential theologian of the last fifteen hundred years. Calvin says clearly that the damned are many times larger in number than the saved. The ratio is about twenty to one. There are too many damned to overwhelm with force. So you have to cloud their minds and set them into meaningless competitions with one another in ways that will eat up that energy.
Jump from Calvin to a thoroughly secular philosopher in Amsterdam, Benedict Spinoza who published a book in 1670 that had a huge influence on the leadership classes of Europe, the United States and Asia. Its called Tractate Religico Politicu.
In it he said it was nonsense to think people were damned or evil because there was no supernatural world. He also said there's an enormous disproportion between permanently irrational people who are absolutely dangerous and the people who have good sense. The ratio is about twenty to one.
Spinoza actually says that an institutional school system should be set up as a civil religion. Its a term you find common in early colonial writing because everyone read Spinoza, all over the planet.
He said we need a civil religion for two reasons. One, to eliminate official religion, which he says is completely irrational and dangerous. And two, to bind up the energies of these irrational twenty to one and to destroy their imagination.
In all but words said the same thing as Calvin, but Spinoza said it flatly. We have to destroy the imagination because its only through the imagination that the maximum damage is unleashed. Otherwise people can struggle against the chains, maybe even cause local damage, but they cant do much harm to the fundamental structure because they cant think outside of the box.
Jump from Spinoza in 1670 to Johann Fichte in Northern Germany in 1807, 1808, 1809, where the very first successful institutional schooling in the history of the planet, was established.
Ficthe says in his famous Addresses to the German Nation, that the reason Prussia suffered a catastrophic defeat against Napoleon at Jena was because order was turned on its head by ordinary solders taking decisions into their hands.
He called for a national system of training that would make it impossible for underlings to imagine any other way to do things. A decade later Prussia had the first institutional form of mass schooling on the planet.
In 1820 we have Darwin saying that people are biologically fixed in classes and there's nothing you can do about it. Every one of these people, in a sense, is saying that what we call education isn't even possible. What we call education is romantic nonsense.
Society Needs Catastrophes - George Poste
3:46
Bugs, Bits and Engineering Bioforms: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly
(Aired on C-Span May 24, 2010)
New America Foundation
Monstanto Board Member & Chief Scientist for the Complex Adaptive Systems Initiative, Arizona St. University, Dr. George Poste gave the keynote address at a forum on military technology and robotics. Afterward, panelists talked about emerging technologies developed for and used by the military and the potential impact of robotics on civilian life. They also responded to questions from the audience.
@1:02:45 in the full presentation, During Q&A, Poste says:
I am deeply saddened by what I am going to say. I believe catastrophe is the only way in which an overly complacent comfortable society begins to understand the need to change, and whether it be the rise of tyrants, whether it be atrocity on a more limited scale, such a 9-11, it doesn't matter what the disaster is.
I serve on the institute of medicine influenzia task force, and just to show you how banal it has all become, the retreat from complexity had a very well groomed member of the administration, who was the equivalent of Brownie from a previous administration, turn up and say, oh, uh we do have to deal with a slight problem, there might not be enough vaccine for the nation at large, but we have the following program laid out except we'll have a 160M doses by the end of October...
Poste then articulates an example of a political administration incapable of dealing with a complex issue, and the public's ability to comprehend the issue anyway. This thinking regarding Democracy's fitness is in alignment with the primary thesis in the Club of Rome's First Global Revolution, stating....
Democracy is not a panacea. It cannot organize everything and it is unaware of its own limits. These facts must be faced squarely. Sacrilegious though this may sound, democracy is no longer well suited for the tasks ahead. The complexity and the technical nature of many of today's problems do not always allow elected representatives to make competent decisions at the right time.
+++
He also says...
...That the curse of contemporary governments is failing Mencken's 1st principle. H.L Mencken said of course every complex problem has got an instant solution ...it is always wrong. [actual quote: there is always a well-known solution to every human problem — neat, plausible, and wrong.]. And that is the issue now that every member of Congress is trapped in. They may be pre-disposed to it, but most importantly they cannot operate outside of it. There is minimal long term capacity to now to think about issues which are best, because they are also highly complex, and complexity has been stripped from the narrative.
+++
And goes on to say...
Do we have enough agility in our political structure, or it is so broken that we will not be able to have sufficient agility in our global governance mechanisms and global commerce to be able to mitigate those?
+++
Also See Excerpt from the following Report:
Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance
Understanding of the mind and brain will enable the creation of a new species of intelligent machine systems that can generate economic wealth on a scale hitherto unimaginable. Within a half-century, intelligent machines might create the wealth needed to provide food, clothing, shelter, education, medical care, a clean environment, and physical and financial security for the entire world population. Intelligent machines may eventually generate the production capacity to support universal prosperity and financial security for all human beings. Thus, the engineering of the mind is much more than the pursuit of scientific curiosity. It is more even than a monumental technological challenge. It is an opportunity to eradicate poverty and usher in the golden age for all humankind.
(Indoctrinating children into NBIC 'values' through school. It's well known humans are a lot cheaper than machines... humans repair themselves, and are low mantainance for the first 40 years. With NBIC, they can be upgraded and enhanced.)
Download Full National Science Foundation Report
Powerpoint of Report
In particular, checkout slide #7
Also See related Video:
Arming with Intelligence: Data Fusion in Tomorrow's [Today's] Network-Centric Warfare [Internet]
Soft Powers Narrative: Time of Crisis by Reuters
10:00
Reuters presents the prevailing narrative (story) that the public is currently programmed with: Chaos, system failure, despair, and man-against-man. All efforts are afoot in the media to make the story believable.
What is sought is total system change, including our political systems, our economic systems, societal systems, science and human understanding of nature and our relationship to each other.
To achieve this tremendous level of change, the public must believe that the system has collapsed, and that we will not survived unless saved. It will be at this time that a United Nations global peace keeper coalition of forces under the benevolent eye of the UN will 'save' us.
Gödels Incompleteness Theorems
41:58
In 1900, in Paris, the International Congress of Mathematicians gathered in a mood of hope and fear. The edifice of maths was grand and ornate but its foundations had been shaken. They were deemed to be inconsistent and possibly paradoxical. At the conference, a young man called David Hilbert set out a plan to rebuild the foundations of maths – to make them consistent, all encompassing and without any hint of a paradox. Hilbert was one of the greatest mathematicians that ever lived, but his plan failed spectacularly because of Kurt Gödel. Gödel proved that there were some problems in maths that were impossible to solve, that the bright clear plain of mathematics was in fact a labyrinth filled with potential paradox. In doing so, Gödel changed the way we understand what mathematics is, and the implications of his work in physics and philosophy take us to the very edge of what we can know. Melvyn Bragg discusses Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorems with Marcus du Sautoy, Professor of Mathematics at Wadham College, University of Oxford; John Barrow, Professor of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Cambridge and Gresham Professor of Geometry and Philip Welch, Professor of Mathematical Logic at the University of Bristol.
This is from a BBC program called In Our Time. For more information, go to
John Taylor Gatto - Standardizing People for Greater Profits
10:16
A Utopian program was to be created through market research. At the turn of the 20th century, people became standardized and predictable, supporting the mathematical predictions of behavior based upon market research, simplifying demand creation.
How are people prevented from accessing knowledge that exposes the oppression when these printed legacies must be made available to elite classes and are not easily expunged from the public libraries? For example, such works as Meditations by Marcus Aurelius encompass very dangerous ideas, with passages that say: nothing you can buy is worth having and no body you can boss around with your power is worth associating with.
To prevent under classes from understanding works of these kind, education systems severely retarded reading comprehension in order to discourage students from being able to understand such works.
Public universities condition student in to seeking a good job, where exclusive private universities taught a world of independent livelihood. Lincoln said that America will never end up like Europe, because the majority of the public at that time had an independent livelihood, where Europe was based primarily on a proletariat base to support rich industrialists.
Kurt Gödel & the Limits of Mathematics
45:28
Kurt Gödel and his famous Incompleteness Theorems are discussed by Mark Colyvan, Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Sydney Centre for the Foundations of Science. This is from Key Thinkers (Sydney Ideas).
A Brilliant Madness: A Mathematical Genius Descent into Madness
55:05
A Brilliant Madness is the story of a mathematical genius whose career was cut short by a descent into madness. At the age of 30, John Nash, a stunningly original and famously eccentric MIT mathematician, suddenly began claiming that aliens were communicating with him and that he was a special messenger.
Diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, Nash spent the next three decades in and out of mental hospitals, all but forgotten. During that time, a proof he had written at the age of 20 became a foundation of modern economic theory. In 1994, as Nash began to show signs of emerging from his delusions, he was awarded a Nobel Prize in Economics. The program features interviews with John Nash, his wife Alicia, his friends and colleagues, and experts in game theory and mental illness.
Go beyond the Oscar-winning drama A Beautiful Mind and learn more about the life of troubled mathematician and Nobel Prize-winner John Nash and his struggle with mental illness in this PBS American Experience documentary. Exclusive interviews with Nash and wife Alicia are included.
24/42: Secret History - Kurt Gödel and the Secrets of Genius
46:55
The saga continues. It's been a while since I released a video. I hope to have more soon. To keep this project moving, feel free to donate at
Godel showed mans systems are inconsistent
1:31
Watch the BBC Documentary Dangerous Knowledge, and pay particular attention to the work of Georg Cantor and Kurt Godel. Man's systems are inconsistent, and there are infinite infinities.
Think of the ramifications of Godel's proofs, published in 1931 and buried.
John Taylor Gatto - Perfect Production or Perfect Control
5:39
The major changes in education were implemented and rushed through state legislators during the camouflage of the world wars. The rationality for this transformation relied heavily upon the theories of big names who convinced decision makers that the lower social classes were inferior, saying that they are biologically inferior (Darwin), that they are spiritually inferior (Calvin), that they are psychologically inferior (Spinoza), and that they are politically inferior (Fichte).
Overproduction was used as justification for dumbing down Americans, because a Perfect Producer was totally self-sufficient, producing ones own education, shelter, clothing, food, entertainment, medical care, etc. In this social structure, supply organized through centrally owned private-public partnerships, such as the Corporation, could not survive. So, in order to obtain control, self-sufficiency of the individual, or Perfect Production, had to be disintermediated, and replaced by an interdependent social structure.
How to Turn a Sphere Inside Out
1:38
will blow your mind
Kurt Godel: Is Mathematics Syntax of Langauge
30:37
for the audio only of this recording.
MIT Godel Escher Bach Lecture 1
1:2:34
A New Theory of Time - Lee Smolin
23:43
Is it possible that time is real, and that the laws of physics are not fixed? Lee Smolin, A C Grayling, Gillian Tett, and Bronwen Maddox explore the implications of such a profound re-think of the natural and social sciences, and consider how it might impact the way we think about surviving the future.
Listen to the podcast of the full event including audience Q&A:
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Our events are made possible with the support of our Fellowship. Support us by donating or applying to become a Fellow.
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Wag the BP Gulf Oil Spill
5:31
LIVE CNN FOOTAGE OF THE SPILL.
WATCH FOR A 'STAGE DOOR' OPENING @ 25 SECS, 35 SECS AND 5.12 min.
What is the explanation for a door (back-center) opening at 5000ft below the ocean surface???
The Limits of Understanding
1:33:00
This statement is false. Think about it, and it makes your head hurt. If it’s true, it’s false. If it’s false, it’s true. In 1931, Austrian logician Kurt Gödel shocked the worlds of mathematics and philosophy by establishing that such statements are far more than a quirky turn of language: he showed that there are mathematical truths which simply can’t be proven. In the decades since, thinkers have taken the brilliant Gödel’s result in a variety of directions–linking it to limits of human comprehension and the quest to recreate human thinking on a computer. This program explores Gödel’s discovery and examines the wider implications of his revolutionary finding. Participants include mathematician Gregory Chaitin, author Rebecca Goldstein, astrophysicist Mario Livio and artificial intelligence expert Marvin Minsky.
This program is part of The Big Idea Series, made possible with support from the John Templeton Foundation.
The World Science Festival gathers great minds in science and the arts to produce live and digital content that allows a broad general audience to engage with scientific discoveries. Our mission is to cultivate a general public informed by science, inspired by its wonder, convinced of its value, and prepared to engage with its implications for the future.
Subscribe to our YouTube Channel for all the latest from WSF.
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Original Program Date: June 4, 2010
MODERATOR: Paul Nurse
PARTICIPANTS: Gregory Chaitin, Mario Livio, Marvin Minsky, Rebecca Newberger Goldstein
Paul Nurse's Introduction. 00:19
Who is Kurt Godel? 03:36
Participant Introductions. 07:22
What was the intellectual environment Godel was living in? 10:57
Godel's beliefs in Platonism. 19:45
Gregory Chaitin on the incompleteness theorem. 22:30
Platonism vs. Formalism. 27:18
The unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics in the world. 40:53
The world is built out of mathematics... what else would you make it out of? 47:44
Mathematics and consciousness. 53:29
What are the problems of building a machine that has consciousness? 01:01:09
If math isn't a formal system then what is it? 01:07:40
Explaining math with simple computer programs. 01:18:33
Its hard to find good math. 01:25:40
Gödels Ontological Argument in the Big Bang Theory
34
'Sheldon' from the The Big Bang Theory writes Kurt Gödel's modal ontological argument for the existence of God.
A Tribute to Euler - William Dunham
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A Tribute to Euler
William Dunham
Truman Koehler Professor of Mathematics, Muhlenberg College
Tuesday, October 14, 2008, at 6:00 PM
Harvard University Science Center, Hall D
The fall 2008 Clay Public Lecture will be held at Harvard on October 14, in association with the Harvard Mathematics Department. Known for his writings on the history of mathematics, Professor William Dunham will examine the genius of one of the world's most prolific mathematicians in his talk A Tribute to Euler in Hall D of the Harvard Science Center at 6 pm.
Among history's greatest mathematicians is Leonhard Euler (1707-1783), the Swiss genius who produced an astonishing 25,000 pages of pure and applied mathematics of the very highest quality.
In this talk, we sketch Euler's life and describe a few of his contributions to number theory, algebra, and other branches of mathematics. Then we examine a particular Eulerian theorem: his simple but beautiful proof that there are as many ways to decompose a whole number as the sum of distinct summands as there are ways to decompose it as the sum of (not necessarily distinct) odd summands.
Condorcet, in his Eulogy to Euler, wrote that All mathematicians now alive are his disciples. It should be clear to those who attend the Clay Public Lecture that these words are as true today as when they were first set down, over two centuries ago.
William Dunham, who received his B.S. (1969) from the University of Pittsburgh and his M.S. (1970) and Ph.D. (1974) from Ohio State, is the Truman Koehler Professor of Mathematics at Muhlenberg College. In the fall term of 2008 he is visiting at Harvard University and teaching a course on the work of Leonhard Euler.
Over the years, he has directed NEH seminars on the history of mathematics and has spoken on historical topics at dozens of U.S. colleges and universities, as well as at the Smithsonian Institution, the Swiss Embassy in Washington, and on NPR's Talk of the Nation: Science Friday.
In the 1990s, Dunham wrote three books on mathematics and its history: Journey Through Genuis: The Great Theorems of Mathematics (1990), The Mathematical Universe (1994), and Euler: The Master of Us All (1999). In the present millennium, he has written The Calculus Gallery: Masterpieces from Newton to Lebesgue (2005) and edited The Genius of Euler: Reflections on His Life and Work (2007). His expository writing has been recognized by the Mathematical Association of America with the George Pólya Award in 1992, the Trevor Evans Award in 1997, the Lester R. Ford Award in 2006, and the Beckenbach Prize in 2008. The Association of American Publishers designated The Mathematical Universe as the Best Mathematics Book of 1994.
Our thanks to the Harvard Mathematics Department for hosting this event.
Analogy as the Core of Cognition
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In this Presidential Lecture, cognitive scientist Douglas Hofstadter examines the role and contributions of analogy in cognition, using a variety of analogies to illustrate his points.
Stanford University:
Stanford Humanities Center:
Stanford University Channel on YouTube:
MIT Godel Escher Bach Lecture 3
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