Earth's Systems and How they Work

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    Earths Systems and How they Work

    12:11

    Notes for Mr. Dove's APES Class. This is an introduction to the Earth's major systems and how they work.

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    Big Idea 3: Earths Systems Interact

    5:50

    Observe the events that show how Earth works as a set of interconnected systems.

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    How the Earth works - All parts

    49:40

    How the Earth works
    Earth System 0. Earth from Space (Intro)
    Earth System 1. Hurricanes
    Earth System 2. Vapour in the Atmosphere
    Earth System 3. Antarctica: the Polar Jet & the Antarctic Brine
    Earth System 4. The Molten Rock
    Earth System 5. Phytoplankton: the Sahara & the Amazon
    Earth System 6. Wild Fires
    Earth System 7. The power of the Sun
    Earth System 8. The Human Race

    Satellites enable us to provide consistent, long-term observations, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Monitoring the Earth from space helps us understand how the Earth works and affects much of our daily lives. Monitoring conditions in space and solar flares from the sun help us understand how conditions in space affect the Earth.


    Video put together for the MSc in Environmental Technology at Imperial College London

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    The Earth,Moon and Sun System

    4:00

    A video about the relative positions of the Earth Moon and Sun

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    Real World: Earth System Science

    5:30

    This NASA video segment introduces Earth System Science. Examples are provided that explain how systems are created by parts interconnecting with other parts to make a whole. Color animation and examples of systems model how they work. The use of graphs, charts, and drawings to communicate thinking is emphasized in this segment.

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    Physical Science 9.2a - The Earth Moon Sun System

    6:43

    The Earth Moon Sun System. The orbit of the moon around the earth, the orbit of the earth around the sun, and a discussion of the relative sizes and distances. From the Physical Science course by Derek Owens.

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    How Earth Moves

    21:37

    It’s here! Science stuff, mind-blowing stuff, Vsauce stuff, oh my!! THE CURIOSITY BOX:

    Jake’s video about The Curiosity Box:

    Minute Physics on why December days are the longest:

    StandUpMaths on calendars and leap days:

    Tom Scott on the Equation of Time:

    My video on what would happen if the Earth stopped spinning:

    GREAT visuals showing how Earth moves around the sun:



    George Washington’s birthday:

    real-time sub solar point location:

    Lahaina noon images from the Oahu Astrophotography club:

    analemma:

    great solargraph and analemma images:

    interactive seasons and ecliptic simulator:

    Nasa video of seasonal movement of Earth:

    Tropical year:

    Earth rotation specifics:

    How Earth moves through the universe:






    minute physics on cab:

    PBS spacetime on the cosmic microwave background:





    CMB rest frame:




    Wikipedia:










    wikicommons images:





    To explore space, I highly recommend these:




    music by
    and

    Awesome 3D graphics by Eric Langlay:
    Lame 2D stuff by me.

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    The Earths System

    2:00

    --Vote now!! Bringing fun stop motion animation to education! Created by Sophia Cho. Submission for the Project Ed scholarship contest. All original work. The Spheres Song composed by Sophia Cho. Created with the Stop Motion Studio App for iPhone. Took about 1800+ frames. Thank you for your consideration!

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    How the Sun Works on the Flat Earth - Death of NASA

    20:00

    How the Sun Works on the Flat Earth? Good Question!

    WARNING: Watching this video about How the Sun Works on the Flat Earth may turn you into a permenant flat earth. Procede with caution.

    If a picture is worth a thousand words,
    then a video is worth a thousand pictures and...
    time-lapse is worth a thousand video.
    P-brane

    Original Video:
    by P-Brane:

    0:05 If a picture is worth a thousand words,
    then a video is worth a thousand pictures and...
    time-lapse is worth a thousand video.
    0:10 Is the Earth what you think it is?
    1:10 The Earth is Flat
    2:10 Timelapse shows the lines of perspective
    3:27 Copernican principle and footage of ISS
    4:50 23.5 degree of tilt? NOT! It's perspective.
    5:10 How the Sun Works on the Flat Earth?
    5:55 24 hour day of sunlight in Alaska
    7:22 High Altitude Balloons
    8:20 Cameras Above and Under the Cloud
    10:35 Rendition of
    11:15 Perspective Matrix Proves Flat Earth
    12:00 The Sun is 93 000 000 miles away?
    13:00 The Sunlight Shrinks as it Follows the Sun

    If the sun is 93 million miles away and a million miles in diameter (give or take - my guess is as good as theirs), the sun rays should be completely parallel to one another - where we see them coming through the clouds, right?... But we don't... they splay out or diverge. Perspective will converge parallel lines that are PARALLEL TO THE OBSERVER'S EYE PLANE, that's true.

    What perspective won't do is converge perpendicular lines and planes from the observers perspective. We should see the rays that come straight down out of the clouds STAY as parallel columns - but i've never seen sun rays come down vertically parallel to one another in person or photo...

    #flatearth #earth #nasa #science #bullshit

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    Learn About Planet Earth - Earth Day Science Facts for Kids

    3:45

    Celebrate Earth Day! This fun, animated science video for children teaches fun facts about PLANET EARTH and it's four systems: atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere and biosphere - explained in 3 minutes! This short cartoon science art lesson is packed with information about planet earth and how its four layers interact to create our amazing earth! Use to teach kids in the classroom or at home about each of Earth's four systems. S.T.E.M. For Kids!

    Please take a moment to LIKE, SHARE, and SUBSCRIBE.

    Subscribe to our YouTube Channel:

    If you're looking for fun, easy, educational videos for kids (like early learning videos for kindergarteners, how to drawing tutorials, science videos for kids, short history lessons, etc.) then we hope that you and your child will enjoy this fun, animated Earth Systems Science lesson review - Learning Video for Kids.

    Here's a link to share this Earth Systems Science video for kids:

    EMAIL A PHOTO OF YOUR ART:
    mycreativecricket@gmail.com

    !----LEARN MORE----!
    EARTH:




    !----CREATIVE CRICKET - VIDEOS FOR KIDS----!
    We love to share FREE Educational Videos for Children, Parents, and Teachers! We think that kids learn more when they are fully engaged in our fun, smart art videos designed to teach kids how to draw and animate their world step by step while learning about science, math and history!

    Check out the Creative Cricket website for more art tutorials packed with cool animation, drawing tips and fun facts for kids of all ages:

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    Four Spheres Part 1 : Crash Course Kids #6.1

    4:01

    In this episode of Crash Course Kids, Sabrina talks about two of the four spheres that make up our planet; The Geosphere and the Biosphere. What's in these spheres? How do they affect us? How do they fit into the puzzle that is Earth? All is contained within!

    This first series is based on 5th grade science. We're super excited and hope you enjoy Crash Course Kids!

    ///Standards Used in This Video///
    5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. [Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.]

    Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet?
    Crash Course Main Channel:
    Facebook -
    Twitter -
    Tumblr -

    Credits...

    Executive Producers: John & Hank Green
    Producer & Editor: Nicholas Jenkins
    Cinematographer & Director: Michael Aranda
    Host: Sabrina Cruz
    Script Supervisor: Mickie Halpern
    Writer: Ben Kessler
    Consultant: Shelby Alinsky
    Script Editor: Blake de Pastino

    Thought Cafe Team:
    Stephanie Bailis
    Cody Brown
    Suzanna Brusikiewicz
    Jonathan Corbiere
    Nick Counter
    Kelsey Heinrichs
    Jack Kenedy
    Corey MacDonald
    Tyler Sammy
    Nikkie Stinchcombe
    James Tuer
    Adam Winnik

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    ESS3C - Human Impacts on Earth Systems

    6:26

    In this video Paul Andersen explains how humans are impacting the Earth through farming, mining, pollution and climate change. According to the NGSS wise management can reduce impacts on the planet. This will become more important as developing countries start consuming more resources. A K-12 teaching progression is also included.

    Intro Music Atribution
    Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav
    Artist: CosmicD
    Link to sound:
    Creative Commons Atribution License

    All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing:
    File:160658main2 OZONE Large 350.png. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:ACT Recycling Truck.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:Chilean Purse Seine.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:CoralBleaching.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:GDP PPP Per Capita IMF 2008.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:House.svg, n.d.
    File:Kivioli Chemical plant.JPG. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:Lake Nasser.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:Mauna Loa Carbon Dioxide Apr2013.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:Mvey0290.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:OilConsumptionpercapita.png, n.d.
    File:PulpAndPaperMill.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:Recycling Symbol.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:Sewer Plant.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:Soil Salinity2.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    File:Strip Coal Mining.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2013.
    photographer, Rothstein, Arthur, 1915-1985. English: Farmer and Sons Walking in the Face of a Dust Storm. Cimarron County, Oklahoma., April 1936. This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID ppmsc.00241. This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information. العربية | česky | Deutsch | English | español | فارسی | suomi | français | magyar | italiano | македонски | മലയാളം | Nederlands | polski | português | русский | slovenčina | slovenščina | Türkçe | 中文 | 中文(简体)‎ | +/−.

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    Phil Stan The Science Man: Earth Systems

    1:54

    Childhood TV show host Phil Stan The Science Man gives you a lesson on Earth systems and how they work.

    VOTE FOR US:

    Created for ProjectEd

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    Complexity Science: 9 Earth Systems Science

    5:05

    A brief overview to the area of Earth Systems Science where we will be looking at the different spheres that make up Earth as a complex adaptive system. For full courses, transcriptions and downloads please see:
    Twitter:
    Facebook:
    LinkedIn:

    Transcription:
    Earth systems science is the interdisciplinary study of earth as a complex system, composed of multiple physical and biological process that interact within cycles or spheres to give rise to the overall state of the earth as an entire systems.

    Of cause people have been studying earth for a long time, geologies study the formation of rocks, metrologies are interested in the atmosphere and so on,
    With all of these different domains supported by the deep understanding of our physical environment that physics has built up over the past few centuries.

    But it is only more recently that satellites have started to allow us to see earth as an entirety and human activity has begun to have a significant enough effect to alter earth systems making it increasingly important for us to be able to model and manage them.

    From space we can view the net results of earths complex interactions and with high-tech sensors on land and in the ocean, we are getting an clear idea of its overall make up, from this researchers in different domains are discovering how their pieces of the puzzle are related to each other.

    Earth systems science then tries to develop models that gives an integrated picture of how all these parts fit together, the first of these models is of earth as a systems in space with inputs and outputs of energy or radiation from the sun, with this energy being the primary factor in driving the dynamics process within the system.


    As opposed to focusing on the static properties of earths individual components
    Earth systems science instead takes a more dynamic view of the world, studying the ways energy and materials cycle through the different subsystems or what are called -spheres

    Earths different sphere are largely defined by the different phases of mater they are composed of thus the atmosphere is composed of gasses, the hydrosphere of liquid water and the lithosphere solid minerals added to this is the biosphere
    The sum of all biological material and processes.

    Within each sphere a process called a cycles take place, for example in the lithosphere we have the rock cycle driven by the thermal energy within earth's interior that releases minerals through ocean ridges and volcanoes that are weathered as they cycle through earths crust and are eventual subducted returning to their origin



    The hydro cycle driven by the thermal energy of the sun, cycles water between the earths surface and atmosphere through the process of evaporation, condensation and precipitation, this process helps to distribute moisture to support ecosystems at a variety of locations

    The atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet that is held in place by gravity, it is the primary vehicle of temperature and climate regulation through the Cycle of carbon in and out of the atmosphere where it functions, through the green house effect to trap the suns heart.

    The biosphere is the relatively thin layer of Earth's surface that supports all biological activity on earth. The biosphere is a system also characterized by the continuous cycling of matter and energy in the form of the flow of solar energy and nutrient mineral cycles.

    Solar energy flows through the biosphere along a unidirectional path, as the suns energy is inputted through plant photosynthesis and process up through what are called trophic levels form primary producers to herbivores and on to predators and apex predators.

    Along side the flow of energy through food webs it the cycling of mineral nutrients the core substances required for the construction of biological materials and processes, carbon, water, oxygen, nitrogen have been continuously cycled through the biosphere from one generation to the next for billions of years

    These different spheres interact to create a unique state or ecosystem, an ecosystems is the combination of a community of biological organism and a particular physical environment with which they interact...

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    Is Earth Actually Flat?

    10:31

    follow:
    LOTS OF COOL LINKS BELOW!
    Flat Earth gravity simulation by Yeti Dynamics:

    Kansas flatness study: (the pancakes used in the study were from IHOP):

    the flatness of other states:

    The Meaning Of It All by Richard Feynman:

    “The Pig That Wants to Be Eaten”:

    related Vsauce video, “Is Anything Real?”

    Minutphysics “TOP 10 REASONS Why We Know the Earth is Round”

    Good satirical series about how the Earth IS flat:

    What if Earth was a cube?






    MYTH of the round Earth:




    Earth is round:





    Varrazano bridge:

    Varrazano spelling controversy:

    Flat Earth Society:




    Wilbur Glen Voliva:







    Flat earth map (one theory):

    Poe’s Law:




    Science is always provisional and theories are never conclusively proven:





    Asimov on being “more wrong”:

    Occam’s Razor:

    Newton’s flaming laser sword:

    Other razors:

    relativistic length contractions:

    I really liked this one:



    Earth and cosmic ray perspective:




    wolfram contraction simulator:

    Susan Haack:

    1996 election NYT crossword:


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    25 Earth Shattering Facts About Gravity

    5:53

    Gravity is one of the greatest mysteries in science. How does it work? Although we know it exists and can see its effects science has a hard time explaining the exact mechanism. At first we thought we understood it. At least after Newton formulated his laws and we believed we had the universe figured out. But then Einstein came along and completely changed our view of the cosmos and of physics. Since then we have discovered some crazy things about quantum mechanics and how the world works on a microscopic level. Unfortunately, while Newtonian models do a good job of describing things like gravity between large objects, they don't do very well describing forces between atoms. And while Einstein's theory of relativity gives us insight into the microscopic world of the molecule, it doesn't really do a good job in other areas. So it seems that we have several ways of describing the same thing but no real understanding of why or how it works. Over time, numerous theories have been put forth, and most of them have been found lacking. So, although we cannot fully describe it, gravity causes some crazy things to happen. It's not as simple as just pulling things towards each other. Did you know that gravity affects time? These are 25 Earth shattering facts about gravity!

    Follow us on:
    Twitter:
    Facebook:
    Website:
    Instagram:
    Pinterest:

    Check out the physical list here:

    Because of gravity, humans get the urge to pee when their bladder is about 1/3 full

    In space, astronauts don't have the urge to pee until their bladder is basically exploding

    Einsteins most revolutionary equation wasn't e=mc2 (unless you are designing nuclear bombs). His most important equation was G = 8 π T, which basically stated that space-time is curved and not flat

    Humans could successfully colonize and live on planets with up to 3 times the gravity of Earth. At 4 times the gravity, however, blood flow to the brain would be impaired

    Earth's gravitational pull makes it impossible for mountains to be taller than 15km (in theory)

    There are regions in space where gravity between the Sun and Earth (or any other two objects) interact to create something called Lagrangian points. Other objects can orbit around these points as if there were something there.

    Birds cannot be taken into space because they require gravity to swallow

    During the final Apollo 15 moonwalk, David Scott dropped both a feather and a hammer to confirm Galileo's theory that objects fall at the same speed regardless of their mass (on Earth the feather falls more slowly only because of air resistance)

    Jupiter is sometimes referred to as a failed star because although it had enough mass to pull in a significant amount of gas, it didn't gain enough to start fusion

    Jupiter's gravity will eventually either push Mercury out of the Solar System or send it crashing into the Sun

    And more...

    Music: Hypnothis by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (
    Source:
    Artist:

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    The Earths Orbit in a Binary Solar System - Episode 8

    3:23

    In this clip for Wisdom Teachings with David Wilcock, Wilcock opens by discussing the work of Santillana and Von Deschend. The works of these two academics were highly respected in their communities and they decided to pour through different mythologies around the world to figure out what was going on with the Precession of the Equinoxes. What they found was published in an entire academic work called Hamlet's Mill and outlines much of what we know now about the Earth's wobble as it rotates. Wilcock also discusses Cruttenden's book, Lost Star that talks about the notion of a lost star proving that we live in a binary solar system created by our elliptical orbit around another star. Join David Wilcock for this episode to learn more about our binary solar system and what this means for life on Earth. Watch the full episode and sign up for your free 10-day trial at GaiamTV.com-

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    A guide to the energy of the Earth - Joshua M. Sneideman

    4:44

    View full lesson:

    Energy is neither created nor destroyed — and yet the global demand for it continues to increase. But where does energy come from, and where does it go? Joshua M. Sneideman examines the many ways in which energy cycles through our planet, from the sun to our food chain to electricity and beyond.

    Lesson by Joshua M. Sneideman, animation by Marc Christoforidis.

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    Solar Eclipse Hoax - Exposing the Global Lies from Gods Enclosed Flat Earth System

    13:47

    Don't ever look at the sun and never look at an eclipse! The sun's light is very harmful but haven't we been told that the sun reflects off of the moon? Why is it okay to look at the moon then? In this video you will see that the entire spinning ball flying through space model is a lie. The Bible states a different creation account than the one you have been taught by science and NASA. When you research you'll see that the Sun and the Moon are different light sources. You will find out that they are a lot closer than what you've been told. Why would they lie? Could this be the world's biggest lie ever told?

    Flat Earth Models - Paul Cheeft


    Watch more videos on this topic:

    Flat Earth & The Bible - We are NOT Stars (Episode 1)

    In Episode 1 of Flat Earth & The Bible we ask a few questions on the significance of the stars. Is there a deeper meaning of what they have been teaching us about the Sun, Moon and Stars? Why is science and occult philosophy teaching the same thing? Could the biggest lie of all with God's creation have a unifying way of bringing on the New World Order? We explore and learn more about the beginning connections and where they could lead. We are made in God's image. We are not made from stars. The entire heliocentric model of our universe is a lie. Don't let Satan deceive you.

    - See more at:

    Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted.
    Fair Use guidelines: copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html

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    ESS2A - Earth Materials and Systems

    6:10

    In this video Paul Andersen describes the four major spheres on planet Earth. The geosphere makes up the mass of the planet and includes the major landforms. The hydrosphere is all of the water and the atmosphere is all of the gases. The biosphere exists where the others spheres interface. A K-12 teaching progression is also included.

    Intro Music Atribution
    Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav
    Artist: CosmicD
    Link to sound:
    Creative Commons Atribution License

    All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing:
    File:Broccoli-tree.svg, n.d.
    File:Clouds over the Atlantic Ocean.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Convection-snapshot.gif. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Diorite.jpg, n.d.
    File:Earth Poster.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Endeavour Silhouette STS-130.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, May 9, 2013.
    File:Iceberg with Hole Near Sanderson Hope 2007-07-28 2.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, April 13, 2013.
    File:Loboc River.png. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Meteoritenfund Auf Wüstenpflaster.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Pangaea Continents.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Pinatubo Ash Plume 910612.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Rockcycle.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Seawifs Global Biosphere.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, June 3, 2013.
    File:Shipot.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Siltstone1.jpg, n.d.
    File:The Earth Seen from Apollo 17.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, June 3, 2013.
    File:Top of Atmosphere.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, June 2, 2013.
    File:Vostok Petit Data.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    Offiikart. English: Recycle Logo, June 8, 2011. Own work.

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    Four Spheres Part 2 : Crash Course Kids #6.2

    3:31

    The second part of our two part tale of the puzzle that is Earth. In this episode, Sabrina talks about the Hydrosphere and the Atmosphere and what is contained in each one. Let's dive in!!!

    This first series is based on 5th grade science. We're super excited and hope you enjoy Crash Course Kids!

    ///Standards Used in This Video///
    5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. [Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.]

    Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet?
    Crash Course Main Channel:
    Facebook -
    Twitter -
    Tumblr -

    Credits...

    Executive Producers: John & Hank Green
    Producer & Editor: Nicholas Jenkins
    Cinematographer & Director: Michael Aranda
    Host: Sabrina Cruz
    Script Supervisor: Mickie Halpern
    Writer: Ben Kessler
    Consultant: Shelby Alinsky
    Script Editor: Blake de Pastino

    Thought Cafe Team:
    Stephanie Bailis
    Cody Brown
    Suzanna Brusikiewicz
    Jonathan Corbiere
    Nick Counter
    Kelsey Heinrichs
    Jack Kenedy
    Corey MacDonald
    Tyler Sammy
    Nikkie Stinchcombe
    James Tuer
    Adam Winnik

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    Middle-Earth: Shadow of Mordor - How does the Return feature work?

    6:14

    Properly explained this time.

    Many people requested I make a better video on how to bring Captains back to life, so here it is for everyone to enjoy!

    Reddit Megapost:

    Leave any questions in the comment section. I will gladly answer anything that wasn't covered in the video.

    Uruk's Hollow is now on Facebook and Twitter! Be the first to know of new upcomming videos.



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    Solar System History: How Was the Earth Formed? - Full Documentary HD

    43:39

    --- ABDH Media - Space ---

    It's astonishing what you can achieve with just a bit of gas and dust. Kate Ravilious guides us through the birth of our solar system

    It all started with a tremendous bang. Somewhere in our galaxy a star exploded, throwing out masses of gas and dust. This supernova, as these explosions are called, happened about 5bn years ago. The wreckage from the explosion then crashed into a nearby cloud of gas, bringing together the ingredients for our solar system to form.

    Because the explosion was so energetic it made the dust mixture very hot and things began to cook. Little bits of dust began to cluster, making bigger and bigger lumps, and the mixture began to pull together under its own gravity.

    Eventually the central lump became so hot and dense that it started to generate its own energy, igniting nuclear fires. This was the birth of our sun. The remaining dusty mixture swirled around the star, fanning out into a disc.

    Gradually the sun grew in size and the dusty disc cooled. Over millions of years the dust clustered into grains, then lumps, boulders and eventually planetesimals - chunks of rock big enough to have their own gravitational field. Some of these planetesimals became the embryonic forms of the planets in our solar system today.

    Slowly these rocky planets began to organise themselves, settling at a comfortable distance from the sun and finding their own orbit. Earth found its path as third planet from the sun. In the early days rocky pile-ups were still common, leaving craters on the surface of all of the planets.

    One of these collisions, about 4.5bn years ago, is thought to have very nearly destroyed the Earth, and was probably responsible for our moon. A large planetesimal, about the size of Mars, gave Earth a glancing blow, chucking a chunk of Earth's crust out into space. Some of the planetesimal merged with Earth, while the ejected lump started its own orbit around Earth and became the moon.

    Read More:



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    Learn About Planet Earth - Earths Atmosphere

    5:42

    Without the atmosphere, we will not be able to live on earth. The gases in the atmosphere protect us by blocking out dangerous rays from sun and making earth a perfect habitat for plants and animals. Let's find out what are those gases which supports life on earth.

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    What On Earth: Crash Course Kids #10.1

    3:43

    We've already talked about how the Earth is divided into four spheres (The Hydrosphere, the Biosphere, the Geosphere, and the Atmosphere). But, how do these different sphere interact with each other? In this episode of Crash Course Kids, Sabrina chats with us about how two of the spheres do, in fact, work together.

    This first series is based on 5th grade science. We're super excited and hope you enjoy Crash Course Kids!

    ///Standards Used in This Video///
    5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. [Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.]

    Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet?
    Crash Course Main Channel:
    Facebook -
    Twitter -
    Tumblr -

    Credits...

    Executive Producers: John & Hank Green
    Producer & Editor: Nicholas Jenkins
    Cinematographer & Director: Michael Aranda
    Host: Sabrina Cruz
    Script Supervisor: Mickie Halpern
    Writer: Kay Boatner
    Consultant: Shelby Alinsky
    Script Editor: Blake de Pastino

    Thought Cafe Team:
    Stephanie Bailis
    Cody Brown
    Suzanna Brusikiewicz
    Jonathan Corbiere
    Nick Counter
    Kelsey Heinrichs
    Jack Kenedy
    Corey MacDonald
    Tyler Sammy
    Nikkie Stinchcombe
    James Tuer
    Adam Winnik

  • desc

    NEMESIS SYSTEM, CAPTAINS, & TIPS!

    14:54

    Enjoy the video? Be sure to subscribe:

    Check out more Shadow of Mordor here:
    Trailer:
    ESRB Rating: M for Mature

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  • desc

    Earth System 2. Vapour in the Atmosphere

    4:24

    How the Earth works
    Earth System 0. Earth from Space (Intro)
    Earth System 1. Hurricanes
    Earth System 2. Vapour in the Atmosphere
    Earth System 3. Antarctica: the Polar Jet & the Antarctic Brine
    Earth System 4. The Molten Rock
    Earth System 5. Phytoplankton: the Sahara & the Amazon
    Earth System 6. Wild Fires
    Earth System 7. The power of the Sun
    Earth System 8. The Human Race

    Satellites enable us to provide consistent, long-term observations, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Monitoring the Earth from space helps us understand how the Earth works and affects much of our daily lives. Monitoring conditions in space and solar flares from the sun help us understand how conditions in space affect the Earth.

    Video put together for the MSc in Environmental Technology at Imperial College London

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    Mind Blowing! ...Earth Compared To The Rest Of The Universe - Amazing Graphic Presentation

    3:34

    Check out more awesome BuzzFeedBlue videos!

    “There are more stars in our Universe than there are grains of sand on all the beaches on Earth.” There are 100 to 400 billion stars in the Milky Way and more than 100 billion galaxies in the Universe – maybe as many as 500 billion. If you multiply stars by galaxies, at the low end, you get 10 billion billion stars, or 10 sextillion stars in the Universe – a 1 followed by 22 zeros. At the high end, it’s 200 sextillion.

    These are mind bogglingly huge numbers. How do they compare to the number of grains of sand on the collective beaches of an entire planet? This type of sand measures about a half millimeter across.

    You could put 20 grains of sand packed in side-by-side to make a centimeter. 8000 grains in one cubic centimeter. If you took 10 sextillion grains of sand, put them into a ball, it would have a radius of 10.6 kilometers. And for the high end of our estimate, 200 sextillion, it would be 72 kilometers across. If we had a sphere bigger than the Earth, it would be an easy answer, but no such luck. This might be close.

    So, is there that much sand on all the beaches, everywhere, on this planet? You’d need to estimate the average volume of a sandy beach and the average amount of the world’s coastlines which are beaches.

    The estimates and calculations made by Dr. Jason Marshall, aka, the Math Dude are that, there about 700 trillion cubic meters of beach of Earth, and that works out to around 5 sextillion grains of sand.

    Music: Doggy (Spacey Pooch Mix) by Dhruva Aliman

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    Earths 4 Spheres for kids/ 4 Major Spheres

    3:39

    Earth's 4 Spheres for kids/ 4 Major Spheres

    Join me to learn about earth's 4 major Geological Subsystems and how they interact with one another with this awesome video and amazing song. And don't forget to sing along!

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    Music: Copyright 2016 Kids Learning Tube
    Video: Copyright 2016 Kids Learning Tube

    LYRICS:

    Earth has four major
    Geological Subsystems
    I will teach you in this song
    I hope you learn and listen

    Geosphere, Atmosphere
    Hydrosphere and Biosphere
    Are four major systems on earth
    That balance why we survive here

    These systems are all separate
    But interact with one another
    In so many different ways
    in each system you will discover

    Lets start with Geosphere
    All earths materials and mass
    It’s comprised of these parts
    That you’re learning in my class

    The solid Iron inner core’s
    a bit smaller than the moon
    The Nickel-Iron Alloy
    Outer core is liquid It is true

    The Mantle is the layer
    between the crust and outer core
    mostly made of minerals
    and silicate rock lets learn some more

    Which brings us to the Crust
    In which we all play and live on
    Made up of rock and lots of elements
    that keep it really strong

    Earth has four major
    Geological Subsystems
    I will teach you in this song
    I hope you learn and listen

    The Atmosphere’s the next Sphere that
    we will look at
    It contains earths air And protects us all
    now how about that

    The atmospheres made up of
    five layers now you know
    One layer blocks radiation from the sun
    it is called the Ozone

    Lets move onto the Hydrosphere
    Its a major one as well
    It includes all forms of earths water
    Now isn’t that swell

    Oceans, lakes, rivers,
    and our water vapor too
    Are what make up Hydrosphere
    you just learned something new

    The Biosphere’s the final
    of the four major groups
    Including anything thats living
    That also includes you

    Microbes, animals, plants
    birds and insects alike
    Are all part of the Biosphere
    thats true and alright

    Earth has four major
    Geological Subsystems
    I will teach you in this song
    I hope you learn and listen

    Here’s one of many examples
    of how these Spheres interact
    There are so many different ways
    they help us live and thats a fact

    When Volcanos erupt
    from the (Geosphere)
    It releases particles and ash
    in to the (Atmosphere)

    These particles act as the Nuclei
    that help form Water drops
    Thats the (Hydrosphere) at work
    and it never stops

    When the rain falls to the earth
    This is the (Hydrosphere)
    Which stimulates plants to grow
    which is the (Biosphere)

    The plants create oxygen
    thats released to the (Atmosphere)
    plants also feed animals and humans
    And thats (Biosphere)

    Theres so many more examples
    You can find on your own
    You can research them on your computer
    while sitting at home


    Earth has four major
    Geological Subsystems
    I will teach you in this song
    I hope you learn and listen

    Earth has four major
    Geological Subsystems
    I will teach you in this song
    I hope you learn and listen

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    HOW IT WORKS: The International Space Station - Full Documentary

    28:58

    This educational HD video shows how the International Space Station works and operates. In Earth's orbit, NASA Astronaut Sunita (Suni) Williams tours and describes how International Space Station's internal structure is divided into two pressurized modules, the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS) and the United States Orbital Segment (USOS). The ESA (European Space Agency) also uses the International Space Station for research and experiments. The International Space Station maintains an orbit with an altitude of between 330 and 435 km (205 and 270 mi) by means of re-boost maneuvers using the engines of the Zvezda module or other visiting spacecraft. It completes 15.54 orbits around the earth per day. Sunita Lyn Suni Williams is an American astronaut of Indian-Slovenian descent and holds records for total spacewalks and spacewalk time by a woman. This video is shown in 1080p HD 60fps.

    For more new online information on the International Space Station go:



    Watch HOW IT WORKS playlist:


    FOLLOW on:

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    Earth Systems in 2 Minutes

    2:00

    The earth is a system of complex interactions.

    Want to see more videos like this one? Generally we release a new video every friday, but be sure to keep your eye out for some extras. Go ahead and subscribe if you would like to be informed of new videos.

    Sources:







    Our intro music was created by
    Podcast Masters, check them out at podcastmasters.net

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    How Low Earth Orbiting Satellite Systems Work

    1:53

    A quick look at how Low Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellite systems work, their pros and cons, and other tips you should know.

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    Earth System 7. The power of the Sun

    10:00

    How the Earth works
    Earth System 0. Earth from Space (Intro)
    Earth System 1. Hurricanes
    Earth System 2. Vapour in the Atmosphere
    Earth System 3. Antarctica: the Polar Jet & the Antarctic Brine
    Earth System 4. The Molten Rock
    Earth System 5. Phytoplankton: the Sahara & the Amazon
    Earth System 6. Wild Fires
    Earth System 7. The power of the Sun
    Earth System 8. The Human Race

    Satellites enable us to provide consistent, long-term observations, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Monitoring the Earth from space helps us understand how the Earth works and affects much of our daily lives. Monitoring conditions in space and solar flares from the sun help us understand how conditions in space affect the Earth.


    Video put together for the MSc in Environmental Technology at Imperial College London

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    Introducing Netherlands Earth System Science Centre

    6:25

    NESSC brings together scientists with backgrounds in physics, earth sciences, ecology and mathematics. Working at the frontiers of knowledge, they work at improving the understanding on the processes behind climate change and enhance future climate projections and predictions.

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    Banking - the Greatest Scam on Earth

    9:37

    The Greatest Scam on Earth - The Money Scam! The Money Scam is hidden right out in the open, yet buried in complication and confusion. A retired banker describes simply, the world's Money Scam and the reason every country is now going bankrupt. Private bankers have stolen the money creation process, and whereas once our money was created by the governments, debt-free, it is now created out of thin air and issued as debt with interest charges. In today's banker controlled world, money = debt, debt = slavery and therefore money = slavery --- our monetary systems have become systems of enslavement. Money is created out of nothing, issued as debt, not enough money is created for the future interest payments and inflation steals our savings. The money creation process should be taken away from the banks and given to the governments who can create money debt-free, interest-free. This is how it used to be done and we needed no income taxes. Finally, it is explained what we should do to stop supporting the money scam.

    An oldie but a goodie. From the archives.
    Enhanced sound from original version.

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    Earth System Science

    6:32

    NASA Connect segment explaining Earth System Science. The video also explores how modern technology studies the many different areas of Earth System Science.

  • desc

    Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor - 6 Tips for Mastering the Nemesis System

    6:30

    Get a leg up in your struggle for power with tips straight from the game's lead designer.

  • desc

    NASA | The Ocean: A Driving Force for Weather and Climate

    6:01

    The Ocean is essential to life on Earth. Most of Earth's water is stored in the ocean. Although 40 percent of Earth's population lives within, or near coastal regions- the ocean impacts people everywhere. Without the ocean, our planet would be uninhabitable. This animation helps to convey the importance of Earth's oceanic processes as one component of Earth's interrelated systems.

    This animation uses Earth science data from a variety of sensors on NASA Earth observing satellites to measure physical oceanography parameters such as ocean currents, ocean winds, sea surface height and sea surface temperature. These measurements, in combination with atmospheric measurements such as surface air temperature, precipitation and clouds can help scientists understand the ocean's impact on weather and climate and what this means for life here on Earth. NASA satellites and their unique view from space are helping to unveil the vast... and largely unexplored.... OCEAN.

    NASA Earth Observing System Data and Information Systems (EOSDIS)
    EOSDIS is a distributed system of twelve data centers and science investigator processing systems. EOSDIS processes, archives, and distributes data from Earth observing satellites, field campaigns, airborne sensors, and related Earth science programs. These data enable the study of Earth from space to advance scientific understanding. For more information about the data sets used in this animation please visit,
    This video is public domain and can be downloaded at: ‪

    Like our videos? Subscribe to NASA's Goddard Shorts HD podcast:


    Or find NASA Goddard Space Flight Center on facebook:


    Or find us on Twitter:

  • desc

    How the 4 seasons work on the Flat Earth model

    13:13

    I've read quite a bit about how the sun and moon allegedly moved in the Flat Earth model, but I really needed to visualize how the 4 seasons worked. So, I got creative with the free software, Stellarium. Now, it should be noted that the programming for Stellarium is based on the heliocentric globe model, however I figured out how to essentially manipulate it in order to show the rotations of the sun and moon over a Flat Earth. What REALLY intrigued me was how the sun literally speeds up and slows down depending on what path it is on during a particular point in the year. I sped the whole animation up (more than 500x) for the sake of time (otherwise, the video would be over an hour long), but other than that, I did not manually adjust the speeds for each season nor do any other (motion) manipulation at all. What you see here is exactly what the software rendered, just overlaid on top of the Flat Earth map. Toward the end, you will see how January and June syncs up day for day perfectly, with a faster sun going around the outer rim and a slower sun moving in the tighter northern circuit.

    I based my change of seasons titling as follows...

    Spring - starting March 1 and ending May 31,
    Summer - starting June 1 and ending August 31,
    Fall (autumn) - starting September 1 and ending November 30, and
    Winter - starting December 1 and ending February 28

    Note: I didn't have time to mess around with day and night as part of this animation. It's just meant to show the seasons and moon phases throughout the year as the sun and moon move above the circle of the earth. I hope you find this as fascinating as I did.

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    Earths Systems

    41

    This product was designed to help students realize what are the Earth's Systems and how they interact.
    It's a Powerpoint Presentation and you can buy it at my TpT Store:

    Or at my Educents Store:


    This presentation was made to help students realize that the Earth is divided into systems and that those systems interact.

    It follows the Next Generation Science Standards (5-ESS2-1; 5-ESS2-2; 5-ESS3-1).

    It makes students think about science by defining some simple classroom experiments and questioning their results.

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    Does The Moon Really Orbit The Earth?

    3:25

    What holds the moon up? Moonbeams!
    Subscribe: Twitter: @okaytobesmart
    ↓ More info and sources below ↓

    According to Newton's law of gravitation, the sun should pull way harder on the moon than the Earth does. So does the moon actually orbit the Earth? Why?

    Special thanks to Ariel for submitting this awesome question to our Facebook page!

    Hill Spheres and lunar orbit:

    True shape of moon's orbit:

    Newton's law of gravitation vs. Hill Sphere:


    Have an idea for an episode or an amazing science question you want answered? Leave a comment or check us out at the links below!
    Follow on Twitter:

    Follow on Tumblr:
    Follow on Instagram:

    -----------------
    It's Okay To Be Smart is written and hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.DFollow me on Twitter: @jtotheizzoe
    Email me: itsokaytobesmart AT gmail DOT com
    Facebook:
    Google+
    For more awesome science, check out:
    Produced by PBS Digital Studios:

    Joe Hanson - Creator/Host/Writer
    Joe Nicolosi - Director
    Amanda Fox - Producer, Spotzen IncKate Eads - Associate Producer
    Stephen Bohls - Editing/Motion Graphics/Animation
    Katie Graham - Director of Photography
    John Knudsen - Gaffer

    Theme music:
    Ouroboros by Kevin MacLeod

    Other music via APM

    Stock images from Shutterstock, stock footage from Videoblocks

    French subtitles by Alessandro Dal Cero

    -----------------

    Last week's video:
    What's The Loudest Possible Sound?

    More videos:
    Why Does February Have 28 Days?
    Why Vaccines Work
    Why Are Some People Left-Handed?
    Where Does the Smell of Rain Come From?

  • desc

    Earths Rotation & Revolution: Crash Course Kids 8.1

    4:01

    So, have you ever wondered why we have seasons? Or maybe where the sun goes when it's night time? *Hint: It doesn't actually go anywhere* In this episode of Crash Course Kids, Sabrina talks about the Earth's rotation and revolution and how these things contribute to night and day and how Earth's tilt gives us seasons.

    This first series is based on 5th grade science. We're super excited and hope you enjoy Crash Course Kids!

    ///Standards Used in This Video///
    5-ESS1-2. Represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky. [Clarification Statement: Examples of patterns could include the position and motion of Earth with respect to the sun and selected stars that are visible only in particular months.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include causes of seasons.]

    Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet?
    Crash Course Main Channel:
    Facebook -
    Twitter -
    Tumblr -

    Credits...

    Executive Producers: John & Hank Green
    Producer & Editor: Nicholas Jenkins
    Cinematographer & Director: Michael Aranda
    Host: Sabrina Cruz
    Script Supervisor: Mickie Halpern
    Writer: Kay Boatner
    Consultant: Shelby Alinsky
    Script Editor: Blake de Pastino

    Thought Cafe Team:
    Stephanie Bailis
    Cody Brown
    Suzanna Brusikiewicz
    Jonathan Corbiere
    Nick Counter
    Kelsey Heinrichs
    Jack Kenedy
    Corey MacDonald
    Tyler Sammy
    Nikkie Stinchcombe
    James Tuer
    Adam Winnik

  • desc

    Flat Earth Experiment - is GPS terrestrial or satellite based?

    5:20

    There has been some proposed testimony from Air Force employees that state that the GPS is not a satellite system. The claims is that it is mainly land based (terrestrial) and also bounced off of several types of airplanes. This is tough for many people to believe, because these claims have no proof behind it. Is it possible to find proof if GPS is terrestrial or satellite based?

    During my winter vacation, I was able to travel to Breckenridge and Vail, Colorado. This was a great ski trip where I got to enjoy fresh champagne powder. One day, while riding the shuttle back to our condo, I had an idea for an experiment.

    Since I was in the mountains, the amount of exposed sky to me would be limited. Understanding that GPS is limited to line of sight, I was curious of the results that I would achieve. I loaded up my favorite android gps app called GPS Status and Toolbox. This gave me a number of 14/23. This means that our of 23 satellites, that I am connected to 14 of them.

    Wow, 14 out of 23 satellites. Next, I was curious of the total number of GPS satellites. A quick google search shows that there are 24 satellites in 6 different orbital planes. This made me ask a couple of questions.

    How is it possible that I have connection to 14 out of 24 satellites worldwide? How did the limited sky exposure not play a larger part? Can I trust these results? Is this clues that GPS is terrestrial?

    Although nothing is proven yet, I have given myself more evidence for the need of continued research into this phenomena.

    What do you think of GPS? Comment below if you think that it is a land based system or a satellite based system!

  • desc

    How Entropy Powers The Earth

    3:15

    This video is about how we don't just need energy to power our lives, we need *low entropy* energy! Thanks to Google Making and Science for supporting this series, and to Sean Carroll for collaborating on it! His book can be found here:

    Playlist of the full video series:

    Link to Patreon supporters here:

    This video is about how we don't just need energy to power our lives, we need *low entropy* energy! This is also known as free energy, and one way of thinking about entropy is as the lack of free energy. The sun provides us with useful, low entropy, energy in the form of photons of visible light, which are then absorbed and converted into plants, sugar, complex molecules, etc, before being radiated back into space as heat, which has much higher entropy.

    Music for the series was especially composed by Nathaniel Schroeder,

    REFERENCES & ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

    Entropy Balance of Radiation of the Earth system

    Heat balance of global warming/climate change:

    More on the Entropy Balance of the Earth System

    The Entropy of a Photon Gas:

    Sean's blog:

    Another article by Sean about complexity and god:

    Sean Carroll: The Big Picture
    (more great articles about entropy, etc on his blog

    Interactive Entropy explainer by Aatish Bhatia:



    MinutePhysics is on Google+ -
    And facebook -
    And twitter - @minutephysics

    Minute Physics provides an energetic and entertaining view of old and new problems in physics -- all in a minute!

    Created by Henry Reich

  • desc

    Day and Night Explanation,Causes Science for Kids

    4:46

  • desc

    Data Services - UCAR Services for Earth System Science

    1:18

    Data is the lifeblood of science. At the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), we work to make sure researchers have access to the data they want, and we provide the tools needed to organize it, analyze it, visualize it, and process it.

    Learn more about the resources we offer the research and education community through UCAR’s community programs and the National Center for Atmospheric Research, which UCAR manages on behalf of the National Science Foundation (NSF):
    -- UCAR - Serving the Earth System Science Community
    -- In the Field
    -- Community Modeling
    -- Science Education

    Additional Links:
    -- Unidata Program Center
    – COSMIC Data Analysis and Archive
    Center
    -- NCAR Research Data Archive
    -- Earth Observing Laboratory data archive
    -- Visualization and Analysis Platform for Ocean, Atmosphere, and Solar Researchers (VAPOR)

    The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research manages the National Center for Atmospheric Research under sponsorship by the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings and conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

  • desc

    Sonali Narang - How does your work contribute to systems change?

    1:09

    Future Earth Norway supported Sonali Narang, Researcher at the Center for the Study of Geopolitics in India, to present her work at Ecological Challenges 2017: Systems Change. Sonali's research focuses on the connection between the Bhoodan movement and climate change, a voluntary land reform movement in India that transfers land from wealthy landowners to landless people. We asked her to tell us briefly how her work contributes to systems change.

    Ecological Challenges 2017 was held at the University of Oslo (UiO) from 15 - 18 February 2017. It was arranged by the Department of Sociology and Human Geography at UiO and New Compass Press in collaboration with Future Earth Norway and other partners.

    Visit the Facebook page of the conference here:

    Learn more about Future Earth Norway:

  • desc

    Origin of Earths Magnetic Field

    9:34

    Origin of Earth's magnetic field, new discoveries and new concepts, published in world-class scientific literature and explained here.

  • desc

    The helical model - our solar system is a vortex

    3:21

    This is a non-conventional view of our solar system that is different from the standard 'flat' diagrams. We travel, never return to the same spot again.

    Like the music?

    New version: Solar System 2.0:

    Full story and philosophy:


    PART 2 is here:
    Information & research:
    Music:

    French subtitles provided by the Resonance Project

    Greek subtitles provided by vasoula2908

    Download the sound track: (FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY)

    No, this was not made with Universe Sandbox, but with 3DsMax.
    Yes, I messed up two orbits.

    Insulting or offending comments will be deleted.

  • desc

    Physical processes: the 4 spheres

    4:53

    Defines the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere

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