Earth System Science Part 1

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    Earth System Science Part 1: Introduction to ESS

    5:37

    This is part one of a mini-series i did for a school project. it is enjoyable and educational. so you should watch it definitely all the way through and stuff

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 1. Introduction and the Scientific Method

    40:35

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 01. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Introduction and the Scientific Method --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded on September 27, 2013

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 5. Plate Tectonics

    47:21

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 05. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Plate Tectonics --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 7, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Four Spheres Part 1 : Crash Course Kids #6.1

    4:01

    In this episode of Crash Course Kids, Sabrina talks about two of the four spheres that make up our planet; The Geosphere and the Biosphere. What's in these spheres? How do they affect us? How do they fit into the puzzle that is Earth? All is contained within!

    This first series is based on 5th grade science. We're super excited and hope you enjoy Crash Course Kids!

    ///Standards Used in This Video///
    5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. [Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.]

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    Credits...

    Executive Producers: John & Hank Green
    Producer & Editor: Nicholas Jenkins
    Cinematographer & Director: Michael Aranda
    Host: Sabrina Cruz
    Script Supervisor: Mickie Halpern
    Writer: Ben Kessler
    Consultant: Shelby Alinsky
    Script Editor: Blake de Pastino

    Thought Cafe Team:
    Stephanie Bailis
    Cody Brown
    Suzanna Brusikiewicz
    Jonathan Corbiere
    Nick Counter
    Kelsey Heinrichs
    Jack Kenedy
    Corey MacDonald
    Tyler Sammy
    Nikkie Stinchcombe
    James Tuer
    Adam Winnik

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 17. Oceans, Part I.

    45:58

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 17. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Oceans -- Part 1
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 6, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 18. Oceans, Part II.

    43:18

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 18. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Oceans -- Part 2
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 8, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 14. Freshwater, Part I.

    48:30

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 14. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Freshwater -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 30, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 8. Volcanoes

    45:10

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 08. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Volcanoes --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 14, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 2. Systems and Feedbacks

    46:55

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 02. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Systems and Feedbacks --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded September 30, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth Systems Part 1 APES Review.mp4

    21:43

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    Earth Systems Part 1

    19:10

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 19. The Biosphere, Part I.

    44:55

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 19. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Biosphere -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 15, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 8. Dynamic Atmosphere, Part I.

    1:12:44

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution and Global Environment (Fall 2013)
    Lec 08. Air Pollution and Global Environment -- Dynamic Atmosphere -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

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    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded October 24, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution and Global Environment 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 21. History of Life on Earth

    49:02

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 21. Introduction to Earth System Science -- History of Life on Earth (and Mass Extinctions) --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 20, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 7. Earthquakes

    47:06

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 07. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Earthquakes --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 11, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 6. Plate Boundaries

    39:55

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 06. Introduction to Earth System Science --Plate Boundaries --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 9, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License.

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 13. Global Circulation Patterns

    45:57

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 13. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Global Circulation Patterns --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 28, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 11. Water Vapor and Clouds

    46:31

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 11. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Water Vapor and Clouds --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 23, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 3. Our Solar System and Universe

    46:18

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 03. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Our Solar System and Universe --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 2, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 9. The Rock Cycle and the Geological Timescale

    45:12

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 09. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Rock Cycle and the Geological Timescale --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 16, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 10. Atmosphere Formation and Evolution

    42:24

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 10. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Atmosphere Formation and Evolution --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded on October 18, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 12. Winds and Extreme Weather

    48:24

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 12. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Winds and Extreme Weather --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 25, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth systems project part 1.

    16

    Pesticides

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 1. Logistics/Definition of Air Pollution

    1:14:20

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 01. Air Pollution -- Logistics/Definition pf Air Pollution --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
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    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded September 26, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. (

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    Big Idea 3: Earths Systems Interact

    5:50

    Observe the events that show how Earth works as a set of interconnected systems.

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 4. What Controls Our Planets Temperature?

    50:08

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 04. Introduction to Earth System Science -- What Controls Our Planet's Temperature --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 4, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 15. Freshwater, Part II.

    46:45

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 15. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Fresh Water -- Part 2
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 1, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 21. On Thin Ice. Lecture 11. Sea Ice, Part I.

    46:32

    Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.UCI ESS 21: On Thin Ice (Winter 2014)
    Lec 11. On Thin Ice -- Sea Ice -- Part 1
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: In recent decades we have observed a significant reduction of the cryosphere due to anthropogenic climate change. The observed and predicted changes in the extent and amount of snow and ice will have major impacts on climate, ecosystems and human populations both at a local and global scale. This course will introduce students to the science behind climate change as well as the physical and chemical processes that govern components of the cryosphere, including snow, permafrost, sea ice, glaciers and ice sheets. Particular emphasis will be placed on the important role that each component plays in the larger climate system and potential feedbacks. We will also examine some of the social, economic and political impacts that the melting cryosphere will have on countries around the Arctic and also worldwide, such as access to new petroleum reserves, infrastructure damage due to melting permafrost, sea level rise and decreases in freshwater availability.

    Recorded on February 3, 2014.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. On Thin Ice 21 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 16. Cryosphere

    48:56

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 16. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Cryosphere --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 4, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 22. Biogeochemical Cycles

    37:44

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 22. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Biogeochemical Cycles --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 22, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 5. Photochemical Ozone Part I.

    1:14:06

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 05. Air Pollution -- Photochemical Ozone -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded October 10, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 25. The Climate System and Past Climates

    48:58

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 25. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Climate System and Past Climates --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded December 2, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth Science

    6:37

    ... The American Geological Institute (AGI) is a nonprofit federation of 45 geoscientific and professional associations that represents more than 120,000 geologists, geophysicists, and other earth scientists.

    ---
    Please SUBSCRIBE to Science & Reason:




    ---

    Founded in 1948, AGI provides information services to geoscientists, serves as a voice of shared interests in our profession, plays a major role in strengthening geoscience education, and strives to increase public awareness of the vital role the geosciences play in society's use of resources, resilience to natural hazards, and the health of the environment.



    ---

    Earth science (also known as geoscience, the geosciences or the Earth sciences), is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth. It is arguably a special case in planetary science, the Earth being the only known life-bearing planet. There are both reductionist and holistic approaches to Earth science.

    There are four major disciplines in earth sciences, namely geography, geology, geophysics and geodesy. These major disciplines use physics, chemistry, biology, chronology and mathematics to build a quantitative understanding of the principal areas or spheres of the Earth system.

    The following fields of science are generally categorized within the geosciences:

    - Geology describes the rocky parts of the Earth's crust (or lithosphere) and its historic development. Major subdisciplines are mineralogy and petrology, geochemistry, geomorphology, paleontology, stratigraphy, structural geology, engineering geology and sedimentology.

    - Geophysics and Geodesy investigate the figure of the Earth, its reaction to forces and its magnetic and gravity fields. Geophysicists explore the Earth's core and mantle as well as the tectonic and seismic activity of the lithosphere.

    - Soil science covers the outermost layer of the Earth's crust that is subject to soil formation processes (or pedosphere). Major subdisciplines include edaphology and pedology.

    - Oceanography and hydrology (includes limnology) describe the marine and freshwater domains of the watery parts of the Earth (or hydrosphere). Major subdisciplines include hydrogeology and physical, chemical, and biological oceanography.

    - Glaciology covers the icy parts of the Earth (or cryosphere).

    - Atmospheric sciences cover the gaseous parts of the Earth (or atmosphere) between the surface and the exosphere (about 1000 km). Major subdisciplines are meteorology, climatology, atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics.

    - A very important linking sphere is the biosphere, the study of which is biology. The biosphere consists of all forms of life, from single-celled organisms to pine trees to people. The interactions of Earth's other spheres - lithosphere/geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and/or cryosphere and pedosphere - create the conditions that can support life.


    .

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    Climate Wars: The Conservative Smear Campaign to Discredit Climate Scientists

    17:38

    From the Majority Report, live M-F 12 noon EST and via daily podcast at
    PART 1: Climatologist and director of Earth System Science Center Dr. Michael E Mann joins us to talk the Conservative smear campaign to discredit climate scientists, distract the public and the dire consequences.

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 14. Stratospheric Ozone Depletion, Part I

    1:7:11

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 14. Air Pollution and Global Environment -- Stratospheric Ozone Depletion -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
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    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded on November 14, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution and Global Environment 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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    The Earths Spheres Part 1

    7:40

    coveres the spheres of the earth atmosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere

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    National Geographic - Strange Days on Planet Earth - Part 1 of 4 - Invaders

    53:34

    Around the globe, scientists are racing to solve a series of mysteries. Unsettling transformations are sweeping across the planet, and clue by clue, investigators around the world are assembling a new picture of Earth, discovering ways that seemingly disparate events are connected. Crumbling houses in New Orleans are linked to voracious creatures from southern China. Vanishing forests in Yellowstone are linked to the disappearance of wolves. An asthma epidemic in the Caribbean is linked to dust storms in Africa. Scientists suspect we have entered a time of global change swifter than any human being has ever witnessed. Where are we headed? What can we do to alter this course of events? National Geographic's Strange Days on Planet Earth, premiering in Spring 2005 on PBS, explores these questions. Drawing upon research being generated by a new discipline, Earth System Science (ESS), the series aims to create an innovative type of environmental awareness. By revealing a cause and effect relationship between what we as humans do to the Earth and what that in turn does to our environment and ecosystems, the series creates a new sense of environmental urgency. Award-winning actor, writer and director Edward Norton (Primal Fear, American History X, Italian Job) hosts the series. A dedicated environmental activist, Norton has a special interest in providing solar energy to low income families. Each of the four one-hour episodes is constructed as a high-tech detective story, with the fate of the planet at stake.

    National Geographic

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 16. Air Pollution and Global Climate, Part I.

    1:16:41

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 16. Air Pollution and Global Environment -- Air Pollution and Global Climate -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded on November 21, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution and Global Environment 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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    IMBER ClimECO3 - Lecture 3 - Earth System models, part 1 - Markus Jochum

    15:09

    Earth System models -- how well do they represent Earth System feedbacks? (Markus Jochum)

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    Vertical Geothermal Earth Tube - Greenhouse Heating/Cooling

    12:23

    Update (January 26, 2017): I made this video in early 2016. Since then I built a new greenhouse ( added a geothermal system to it ( and built a compost-based heating system (

    -------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Most vertical (well) geothermal systems circulate antifreeze down-hole for heat pumps. The Earth Tube system is a much simpler approach - blower circulates cold/hot air from the surface to underground, usually via buried plastic tubing. All the earth tubes that I'd seen previously were horizontal systems, meaning buried in trenches dug by a backhoe. Here, I drill small holes by hand with a Seymour post-hole auger. I show how such a system can achieve excellent efficiencies - coefficient of performance exceeding 15. In part 2 ( I describe how I constructed my pilot system

    Parts List:

    DIGGING:
    Seymour post-hole auger:
    4 ft x 1 in black pipe:
    1 coupling:

    AIR CIRCULATION:
    25 ft x 4 in flexible drain pipe:
    4 drain pipe TEE:
    4 in, 100 cfm duct fan:
    Foil tape:
    Cold Weather thermocube:

    MONITORING:
    Outdoor electronic thermometer:

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    Earth System 1. Hurricanes

    4:10

    How the Earth works
    Earth System 0. Earth from Space (Intro)
    Earth System 1. Hurricanes
    Earth System 2. Vapour in the Atmosphere
    Earth System 3. Antarctica: the Polar Jet & the Antarctic Brine
    Earth System 4. The Molten Rock
    Earth System 5. Phytoplankton: the Sahara & the Amazon
    Earth System 6. Wild Fires
    Earth System 7. The power of the Sun
    Earth System 8. The Human Race

    Satellites enable us to provide consistent, long-term observations, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Monitoring the Earth from space helps us understand how the Earth works and affects much of our daily lives. Monitoring conditions in space and solar flares from the sun help us understand how conditions in space affect the Earth.

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 26. Why Climate Changes

    45:53

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 26. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Why Climate Changes --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded December 4, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    ASTRONOMY UNIVERSE:THE END OF EARTH PART 1-HINDI

    12:46

    THIS IS THE 1ST PART GUYS.....PLS SUBSCRIBE , LIKE COMMENT FOR OTHER PARTS

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    Earth System Science Part 2: Geosphere

    5:46

    I have another school project so i made a miniseries of vids. engoy fun.

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    Colonizing the Solar System, Part 1: Colonizing the Inner Solar System

    20:39

    In this epic, 2-part episode, we team up with Isaac Arthur to imagine how humans will colonize the inner Solar System, becoming a true spacefaring civilization.

    Here's Part II


    Support us at:
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    Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain / frasercain@gmail.com
    Karla Thompson - @karlaii
    Chad Weber - weber.chad@gmail.com

    Science fiction has told us again and again, we belong out there, among the stars. But before we can build that vast galactic empire, we’ve got to learn how to just survive in space.

    Fortunately, we happen to live in a Solar System with many worlds, large and small that we can use to become a spacefaring civilization.

    This is half of an epic two-part episode that I’m doing with Isaac Arthur, who runs an amazing channel all about futurism, often about the exploration and colonization of space. Make sure you subscribe to his channel.

    This episode is about colonizing the inner Solar System, from tiny Mercury, the smallest planet, out to Mars, the focus of so much attention by Elon Musk and SpaceX.

    In the other episode, Isaac will talk about what it’ll take to colonize the outer Solar System, and harness its icy riches.

    You can watch these episodes in either order, just watch them both.

    At the time of this video, humanity’s colonization efforts of the Solar System are purely on Earth. We’ve exploited every part of the planet, from the South Pole to the North, from huge continents to the smallest islands. There are few places we haven’t fully colonized yet, and we’ll get to that.

    But when it comes to space, we’ve only taken the shortest, most tentative steps. There have been a few temporarily inhabited space stations, like Mir, Skylab and the Chinese Tiangong Stations.

    Our first and only true colonization of space is the International Space Station, built in collaboration with NASA, ESA, the Russian Space Agency and other countries. It has been permanently inhabited since November 2nd, 2000.

    Needless to say, we’ve got our work cut out for us.

    Before we talk about the places and ways humans could colonize the rest of the Solar System, it’s important to talk about what it takes to get from place to place.

    Just to get from the surface of Earth into orbit around our planet, you need to be going about 10 km/s sideways. This is orbit, and the only way we can do it today is with rockets. Once you’ve gotten into Low Earth Orbit, or LEO, you can use more propellant to get to other worlds.

    If you want to travel to Mars, you’ll need an additional 3.6 km/s in velocity to escape Earth gravity and travel to the Red Planet. If you want to go to Mercury, you’ll need another 5.5 km/s.

    And if you wanted to escape the Solar System entirely, you’d need another 8.8 km/s. We’re always going to want a bigger rocket.

    The most efficient way to transfer from world to world is via the Hohmann Transfer. This is where you raise your orbit and drift out until you cross paths with your destination. Then you need to slow down, somehow, to go into orbit.

    One of our primary goals of exploring and colonizing the Solar System will be to gather together the resources that will make future colonization and travel easier. We need water for drinking, and to split it apart for oxygen to breathe. We can also turn this water into rocket fuel. Unfortunately, in the inner Solar System, water is a tough resource to get and will be highly valued.

    We need solid ground. To build our bases, to mine our resources, to grow our food, and to protect us from the dangers of space radiation. The more gravity we can get the better, since low gravity softens our bones, weakens our muscles, and harms us in ways we don’t fully understand.

    Each world and place we colonize will have advantages and disadvantages. Let’s be honest, Earth is the best place in the Solar System, it’s got everything we could ever want and need. Everywhere else is going to be brutally difficult to colonize and make self-sustaining.

    We do have one huge advantage, though. Earth is still here, we can return whenever we like. The discoveries made on our home planet will continue to be useful to humanity in space through communications, and even 3D printing. Once manufacturing is sophisticated enough, a discovery made on one world could be mass produced half a solar system away with the right raw ingredients.

    We will learn how to make what we need, wherever we are, and how to transport it from place to place, just like we’ve always done.

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    Topic 1 Unit 2 Earth Systems 3209

    6:30

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    Earth System Science Part 3: Hydrosphere

    7:37

    Part three, for you and me. Engoy fun

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    Complexity Science: 9 Earth Systems Science

    5:05

    A brief overview to the area of Earth Systems Science where we will be looking at the different spheres that make up Earth as a complex adaptive system. For full courses, transcriptions and downloads please see:
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    Transcription:
    Earth systems science is the interdisciplinary study of earth as a complex system, composed of multiple physical and biological process that interact within cycles or spheres to give rise to the overall state of the earth as an entire systems.

    Of cause people have been studying earth for a long time, geologies study the formation of rocks, metrologies are interested in the atmosphere and so on,
    With all of these different domains supported by the deep understanding of our physical environment that physics has built up over the past few centuries.

    But it is only more recently that satellites have started to allow us to see earth as an entirety and human activity has begun to have a significant enough effect to alter earth systems making it increasingly important for us to be able to model and manage them.

    From space we can view the net results of earths complex interactions and with high-tech sensors on land and in the ocean, we are getting an clear idea of its overall make up, from this researchers in different domains are discovering how their pieces of the puzzle are related to each other.

    Earth systems science then tries to develop models that gives an integrated picture of how all these parts fit together, the first of these models is of earth as a systems in space with inputs and outputs of energy or radiation from the sun, with this energy being the primary factor in driving the dynamics process within the system.


    As opposed to focusing on the static properties of earths individual components
    Earth systems science instead takes a more dynamic view of the world, studying the ways energy and materials cycle through the different subsystems or what are called -spheres

    Earths different sphere are largely defined by the different phases of mater they are composed of thus the atmosphere is composed of gasses, the hydrosphere of liquid water and the lithosphere solid minerals added to this is the biosphere
    The sum of all biological material and processes.

    Within each sphere a process called a cycles take place, for example in the lithosphere we have the rock cycle driven by the thermal energy within earth's interior that releases minerals through ocean ridges and volcanoes that are weathered as they cycle through earths crust and are eventual subducted returning to their origin



    The hydro cycle driven by the thermal energy of the sun, cycles water between the earths surface and atmosphere through the process of evaporation, condensation and precipitation, this process helps to distribute moisture to support ecosystems at a variety of locations

    The atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet that is held in place by gravity, it is the primary vehicle of temperature and climate regulation through the Cycle of carbon in and out of the atmosphere where it functions, through the green house effect to trap the suns heart.

    The biosphere is the relatively thin layer of Earth's surface that supports all biological activity on earth. The biosphere is a system also characterized by the continuous cycling of matter and energy in the form of the flow of solar energy and nutrient mineral cycles.

    Solar energy flows through the biosphere along a unidirectional path, as the suns energy is inputted through plant photosynthesis and process up through what are called trophic levels form primary producers to herbivores and on to predators and apex predators.

    Along side the flow of energy through food webs it the cycling of mineral nutrients the core substances required for the construction of biological materials and processes, carbon, water, oxygen, nitrogen have been continuously cycled through the biosphere from one generation to the next for billions of years

    These different spheres interact to create a unique state or ecosystem, an ecosystems is the combination of a community of biological organism and a particular physical environment with which they interact...

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    Life Beyond Earth, Part 1: Linda Spilker | Nat Geo Live

    15:53

    Ten years after the Cassini-Huygens spacecraft first captured incredible images from Saturn and its moons, Cassini Project scientist, Dr. Linda Spilker, reflects on a decade's worth of discoveries and what those revelations mean for our search for life beyond Earth.
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    Thought-provoking presentations by today's leading explorers, scientists, and photographers.

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    About National Geographic:
    National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible.

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    Life Beyond Earth, Part 1: Linda Spilker | Nat Geo Live


    National Geographic

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    Real World: Earth System Science

    5:30

    This NASA video segment introduces Earth System Science. Examples are provided that explain how systems are created by parts interconnecting with other parts to make a whole. Color animation and examples of systems model how they work. The use of graphs, charts, and drawings to communicate thinking is emphasized in this segment.

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