Earth System Science 1

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 1. Introduction and the Scientific Method

    40:35

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 01. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Introduction and the Scientific Method --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded on September 27, 2013

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 5. Plate Tectonics

    47:21

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 05. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Plate Tectonics --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 7, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 2. Systems and Feedbacks

    46:55

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 02. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Systems and Feedbacks --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded September 30, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 8. Volcanoes

    45:10

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 08. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Volcanoes --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 14, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 3. Our Solar System and Universe

    46:18

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 03. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Our Solar System and Universe --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 2, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 13. Global Circulation Patterns

    45:57

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 13. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Global Circulation Patterns --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 28, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 6. Plate Boundaries

    39:55

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 06. Introduction to Earth System Science --Plate Boundaries --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 9, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License.

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 10. Atmosphere Formation and Evolution

    42:24

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 10. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Atmosphere Formation and Evolution --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded on October 18, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 17. Oceans, Part I.

    45:58

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 17. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Oceans -- Part 1
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 6, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 7. Earthquakes

    47:06

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 07. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Earthquakes --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 11, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 21. History of Life on Earth

    49:02

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 21. Introduction to Earth System Science -- History of Life on Earth (and Mass Extinctions) --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 20, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 16. Cryosphere

    48:56

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 16. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Cryosphere --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 4, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 9. The Rock Cycle and the Geological Timescale

    45:12

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 09. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Rock Cycle and the Geological Timescale --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 16, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 11. Water Vapor and Clouds

    46:31

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 11. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Water Vapor and Clouds --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 23, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 4. What Controls Our Planets Temperature?

    50:08

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 04. Introduction to Earth System Science -- What Controls Our Planet's Temperature --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 4, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 19. The Biosphere, Part I.

    44:55

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 19. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Biosphere -- Part 1
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 15, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science Part 1: Introduction to ESS

    5:37

    This is part one of a mini-series i did for a school project. it is enjoyable and educational. so you should watch it definitely all the way through and stuff

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 12. Winds and Extreme Weather

    48:24

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 12. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Winds and Extreme Weather --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 25, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 18. Oceans, Part II.

    43:18

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 18. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Oceans -- Part 2
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 8, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 14. Freshwater, Part I.

    48:30

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 14. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Freshwater -- Part 1
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 30, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 20. The Biosphere, Part II.

    43:45

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 20. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Biosphere -- Part 2
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 18, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 15. Freshwater, Part II.

    46:45

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 15. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Fresh Water -- Part 2
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 1, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 22. Biogeochemical Cycles

    37:44

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 22. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Biogeochemical Cycles --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 22, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 25. The Climate System and Past Climates

    48:58

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 25. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Climate System and Past Climates --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded December 2, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 27. Future Climate Change

    42:47

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 27. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Future Climate Change --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded December 6, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 23. Human Population and Resource Demands

    46:36

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 23. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Human Population and Resource Demands --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 25, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 24. Human Impacts on the Earth System

    45:57

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 24. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Human Impacts on the Earth System --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 27, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 26. Why Climate Changes

    45:53

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 26. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Why Climate Changes --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded December 4, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 1. Logistics/Definition of Air Pollution

    1:14:20

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 01. Air Pollution -- Logistics/Definition pf Air Pollution --
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    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

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    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded September 26, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. (

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 8. Dynamic Atmosphere, Part I.

    1:12:44

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution and Global Environment (Fall 2013)
    Lec 08. Air Pollution and Global Environment -- Dynamic Atmosphere -- Part 1
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    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

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    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded October 24, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution and Global Environment 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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    Complexity Science: 9 Earth Systems Science

    5:05

    A brief overview to the area of Earth Systems Science where we will be looking at the different spheres that make up Earth as a complex adaptive system. For full courses, transcriptions and downloads please see:
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    Transcription:
    Earth systems science is the interdisciplinary study of earth as a complex system, composed of multiple physical and biological process that interact within cycles or spheres to give rise to the overall state of the earth as an entire systems.

    Of cause people have been studying earth for a long time, geologies study the formation of rocks, metrologies are interested in the atmosphere and so on,
    With all of these different domains supported by the deep understanding of our physical environment that physics has built up over the past few centuries.

    But it is only more recently that satellites have started to allow us to see earth as an entirety and human activity has begun to have a significant enough effect to alter earth systems making it increasingly important for us to be able to model and manage them.

    From space we can view the net results of earths complex interactions and with high-tech sensors on land and in the ocean, we are getting an clear idea of its overall make up, from this researchers in different domains are discovering how their pieces of the puzzle are related to each other.

    Earth systems science then tries to develop models that gives an integrated picture of how all these parts fit together, the first of these models is of earth as a systems in space with inputs and outputs of energy or radiation from the sun, with this energy being the primary factor in driving the dynamics process within the system.


    As opposed to focusing on the static properties of earths individual components
    Earth systems science instead takes a more dynamic view of the world, studying the ways energy and materials cycle through the different subsystems or what are called -spheres

    Earths different sphere are largely defined by the different phases of mater they are composed of thus the atmosphere is composed of gasses, the hydrosphere of liquid water and the lithosphere solid minerals added to this is the biosphere
    The sum of all biological material and processes.

    Within each sphere a process called a cycles take place, for example in the lithosphere we have the rock cycle driven by the thermal energy within earth's interior that releases minerals through ocean ridges and volcanoes that are weathered as they cycle through earths crust and are eventual subducted returning to their origin



    The hydro cycle driven by the thermal energy of the sun, cycles water between the earths surface and atmosphere through the process of evaporation, condensation and precipitation, this process helps to distribute moisture to support ecosystems at a variety of locations

    The atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet that is held in place by gravity, it is the primary vehicle of temperature and climate regulation through the Cycle of carbon in and out of the atmosphere where it functions, through the green house effect to trap the suns heart.

    The biosphere is the relatively thin layer of Earth's surface that supports all biological activity on earth. The biosphere is a system also characterized by the continuous cycling of matter and energy in the form of the flow of solar energy and nutrient mineral cycles.

    Solar energy flows through the biosphere along a unidirectional path, as the suns energy is inputted through plant photosynthesis and process up through what are called trophic levels form primary producers to herbivores and on to predators and apex predators.

    Along side the flow of energy through food webs it the cycling of mineral nutrients the core substances required for the construction of biological materials and processes, carbon, water, oxygen, nitrogen have been continuously cycled through the biosphere from one generation to the next for billions of years

    These different spheres interact to create a unique state or ecosystem, an ecosystems is the combination of a community of biological organism and a particular physical environment with which they interact...

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    Exploring Earth System Science on Hurricane Island

    3:48

    In a cabin on windswept and rain-battered Hurricane Island in Penobscot Bay, 24 Bowdoin students clustered around a poster board covered with a winding trail of pink sticky notes – a timeline telling the island’s geologic and oceanographic history. “Glaciers retreat,” read one pink square at 15,000 years ago. “Sea level rises,” said another, situated 7,000 years later. Further down the line, in the 19th century: “2.5 million metric tons of granite quarried.”

    What’s impressive is that the students figured much of that history out themselves, during a single intensive weekend of closely studying the land and water on and around Hurricane Island. Along with 8 faculty and staff members from the Earth and Oceanographic Science Department, the students were hosted by the Hurricane Island Foundation Center for Science and Leadership for a field seminar titled “Earth System Science of Hurricane Island,” organized by EOS department chair Collin Roesler.

    The Sept. 20-22 trip was the department’s third annual field seminar for EOS majors and potential majors, following a 2012 trip to Grand Manan Island and a 2011 trip to Acadia National Park on Mount Desert Island.

    (Image credits: Abby McBride, Rachel Beane, and Alice Anderson. Produced by Abby McBride.)

    Learn more about Bowdoin's program at

    Learn more about the Hurricane Island Foundation at hurricaneisland.net

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    Environmental Science

    9:08

    001 - Environmental Science

    In this video Paul Andersen outlines the AP Environmental Science course. He explains how environmental science studies the interaction between earth and human systems. A planetary boundary model is used to explain the importance of sustainability. The importance of science practices and knowledge of the APES format is also included.

    Do you speak another language? Help me translate my videos:


    Music Attribution

    Intro
    Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav
    Artist: CosmicD
    Link to sound:
    Creative Commons Atribution License

    Outro
    Title: String Theory
    Artist: Herman Jolly


    All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing:
    “Aldo Leopold Trip to the Rio Gavilan.” Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Accessed August 19, 2015.
    Cline, Mike. East Gallatin River Near Belgrade, Montana October 2007, October 2007. Own work.
    “Easter Island.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, August 4, 2015.
    “File:DDT Powder.jpg.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, April 28, 2015.
    “File:Deepwater Horizon.jpg.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, June 19, 2013.
    “File:Silent Spring Book-of-the-Month-Club edition.JPG.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, October 6, 2012.
    Filutowska, Zuzanna K. Polski: Laboratorium Pracowni Technik Biologii Molekularnej Na Wydziale Biologii Uniwersytetu Adama Mickiewicza W Poznaniu, March 6, 2012. Own work.
    “Gifford Pinchot.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, August 17, 2015.
    Janwikifoto. Johan Rockström, at the Nobel Laurate Globalsymposium 2011, at Vetenskapsakademien in Stockholm, Discussing Climate Change, May 17, 2011.
    “John Muir.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, August 10, 2015.
    Mueller, Felix. English: Planetary Boundaries according to the Paper by Rockström et Al. Published in Nature 2009. The Red Areas Represent the Estimated Current State with the Inner Green Circle Being the Estimated Boundaries., November 8, 2014. Own work.
    pl.wikipedia, Original uploader was Marcin Otorowski at. English: So Called “New Matura” from Polish Language in the 1st Liceum Ogólnokształcące in Szczecin, Poland, May 13, 2005. Transferred from pl.wikipedia, genuine source:[1] Polski: jestem autorem strony i mam prawo do zdjęć. Zdjęcie wykonał: Oskar Błaszkowski.
    Sevice, Rex Gary Schmidt/U S. Fish and Wildlife. English: Robert W. Hines and Rachel Carson on the Atlantic Coast., [object HTMLTableCellElement]. See Category:Images from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
    “The Blue Marble.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, May 12, 2015.
    “TI-83 Series.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, April 5, 2015.
    Underwood, Underwood &. U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt (left) and Nature Preservationist John Muir, Founder of the Sierra Club, on Glacier Point in Yosemite National Park. In the Background: Upper and Lower Yosemite Falls., Copyright 1906.
    Unknown. English: Platform Supply Vessels Battle the Blazing Remnants of the off Shore Oil Rig Deepwater Horizon.

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    Four Spheres Part 1 : Crash Course Kids #6.1

    4:01

    In this episode of Crash Course Kids, Sabrina talks about two of the four spheres that make up our planet; The Geosphere and the Biosphere. What's in these spheres? How do they affect us? How do they fit into the puzzle that is Earth? All is contained within!

    This first series is based on 5th grade science. We're super excited and hope you enjoy Crash Course Kids!

    ///Standards Used in This Video///
    5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. [Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.]

    Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet?
    Crash Course Main Channel:
    Facebook -
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    Credits...

    Executive Producers: John & Hank Green
    Producer & Editor: Nicholas Jenkins
    Cinematographer & Director: Michael Aranda
    Host: Sabrina Cruz
    Script Supervisor: Mickie Halpern
    Writer: Ben Kessler
    Consultant: Shelby Alinsky
    Script Editor: Blake de Pastino

    Thought Cafe Team:
    Stephanie Bailis
    Cody Brown
    Suzanna Brusikiewicz
    Jonathan Corbiere
    Nick Counter
    Kelsey Heinrichs
    Jack Kenedy
    Corey MacDonald
    Tyler Sammy
    Nikkie Stinchcombe
    James Tuer
    Adam Winnik

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    ESS2A - Earth Materials and Systems

    6:10

    In this video Paul Andersen describes the four major spheres on planet Earth. The geosphere makes up the mass of the planet and includes the major landforms. The hydrosphere is all of the water and the atmosphere is all of the gases. The biosphere exists where the others spheres interface. A K-12 teaching progression is also included.

    Intro Music Atribution
    Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav
    Artist: CosmicD
    Link to sound:
    Creative Commons Atribution License

    All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing:
    File:Broccoli-tree.svg, n.d.
    File:Clouds over the Atlantic Ocean.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Convection-snapshot.gif. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Diorite.jpg, n.d.
    File:Earth Poster.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Endeavour Silhouette STS-130.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, May 9, 2013.
    File:Iceberg with Hole Near Sanderson Hope 2007-07-28 2.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, April 13, 2013.
    File:Loboc River.png. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Meteoritenfund Auf Wüstenpflaster.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Pangaea Continents.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Pinatubo Ash Plume 910612.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Rockcycle.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Seawifs Global Biosphere.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, June 3, 2013.
    File:Shipot.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    File:Siltstone1.jpg, n.d.
    File:The Earth Seen from Apollo 17.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, June 3, 2013.
    File:Top of Atmosphere.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, June 2, 2013.
    File:Vostok Petit Data.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
    Offiikart. English: Recycle Logo, June 8, 2011. Own work.

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    Earth System Science

    6:32

    NASA Connect segment explaining Earth System Science. The video also explores how modern technology studies the many different areas of Earth System Science.

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    Real World: Earth System Science

    5:30

    This NASA video segment introduces Earth System Science. Examples are provided that explain how systems are created by parts interconnecting with other parts to make a whole. Color animation and examples of systems model how they work. The use of graphs, charts, and drawings to communicate thinking is emphasized in this segment.

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 2. Air Composition-Before Human Interferences

    1:16:24

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 02. Air Pollution -- Air Composition-Before Human Interferences --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded October 1, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. (

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    AP Environmental Science: Earth systems 1

    13:40

    This video is the first in a series that follows the national AP Environmental Science curriculum. See more environmental science videos at birdconservationresearch.org.

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    Earth Science

    6:37

    ... The American Geological Institute (AGI) is a nonprofit federation of 45 geoscientific and professional associations that represents more than 120,000 geologists, geophysicists, and other earth scientists.

    ---
    Please SUBSCRIBE to Science & Reason:




    ---

    Founded in 1948, AGI provides information services to geoscientists, serves as a voice of shared interests in our profession, plays a major role in strengthening geoscience education, and strives to increase public awareness of the vital role the geosciences play in society's use of resources, resilience to natural hazards, and the health of the environment.



    ---

    Earth science (also known as geoscience, the geosciences or the Earth sciences), is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth. It is arguably a special case in planetary science, the Earth being the only known life-bearing planet. There are both reductionist and holistic approaches to Earth science.

    There are four major disciplines in earth sciences, namely geography, geology, geophysics and geodesy. These major disciplines use physics, chemistry, biology, chronology and mathematics to build a quantitative understanding of the principal areas or spheres of the Earth system.

    The following fields of science are generally categorized within the geosciences:

    - Geology describes the rocky parts of the Earth's crust (or lithosphere) and its historic development. Major subdisciplines are mineralogy and petrology, geochemistry, geomorphology, paleontology, stratigraphy, structural geology, engineering geology and sedimentology.

    - Geophysics and Geodesy investigate the figure of the Earth, its reaction to forces and its magnetic and gravity fields. Geophysicists explore the Earth's core and mantle as well as the tectonic and seismic activity of the lithosphere.

    - Soil science covers the outermost layer of the Earth's crust that is subject to soil formation processes (or pedosphere). Major subdisciplines include edaphology and pedology.

    - Oceanography and hydrology (includes limnology) describe the marine and freshwater domains of the watery parts of the Earth (or hydrosphere). Major subdisciplines include hydrogeology and physical, chemical, and biological oceanography.

    - Glaciology covers the icy parts of the Earth (or cryosphere).

    - Atmospheric sciences cover the gaseous parts of the Earth (or atmosphere) between the surface and the exosphere (about 1000 km). Major subdisciplines are meteorology, climatology, atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics.

    - A very important linking sphere is the biosphere, the study of which is biology. The biosphere consists of all forms of life, from single-celled organisms to pine trees to people. The interactions of Earth's other spheres - lithosphere/geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and/or cryosphere and pedosphere - create the conditions that can support life.


    .

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    Earth System Science at UC Irvine

    2:16

    A look into the Department of Earth System Science at UC Irvine.

    Video created by UCI alum Wilbert Cheng

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    Earths Systems

    41

    This product was designed to help students realize what are the Earth's Systems and how they interact.
    It's a Powerpoint Presentation and you can buy it at my TpT Store:

    Or at my Educents Store:


    This presentation was made to help students realize that the Earth is divided into systems and that those systems interact.

    It follows the Next Generation Science Standards (5-ESS2-1; 5-ESS2-2; 5-ESS3-1).

    It makes students think about science by defining some simple classroom experiments and questioning their results.

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    Four Spheres Part 2 : Crash Course Kids #6.2

    3:31

    The second part of our two part tale of the puzzle that is Earth. In this episode, Sabrina talks about the Hydrosphere and the Atmosphere and what is contained in each one. Let's dive in!!!

    This first series is based on 5th grade science. We're super excited and hope you enjoy Crash Course Kids!

    ///Standards Used in This Video///
    5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. [Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.]

    Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet?
    Crash Course Main Channel:
    Facebook -
    Twitter -
    Tumblr -

    Credits...

    Executive Producers: John & Hank Green
    Producer & Editor: Nicholas Jenkins
    Cinematographer & Director: Michael Aranda
    Host: Sabrina Cruz
    Script Supervisor: Mickie Halpern
    Writer: Ben Kessler
    Consultant: Shelby Alinsky
    Script Editor: Blake de Pastino

    Thought Cafe Team:
    Stephanie Bailis
    Cody Brown
    Suzanna Brusikiewicz
    Jonathan Corbiere
    Nick Counter
    Kelsey Heinrichs
    Jack Kenedy
    Corey MacDonald
    Tyler Sammy
    Nikkie Stinchcombe
    James Tuer
    Adam Winnik

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    Earth System Science 21. On Thin Ice. Lecture 11. Sea Ice, Part I.

    46:32

    Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.UCI ESS 21: On Thin Ice (Winter 2014)
    Lec 11. On Thin Ice -- Sea Ice -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: In recent decades we have observed a significant reduction of the cryosphere due to anthropogenic climate change. The observed and predicted changes in the extent and amount of snow and ice will have major impacts on climate, ecosystems and human populations both at a local and global scale. This course will introduce students to the science behind climate change as well as the physical and chemical processes that govern components of the cryosphere, including snow, permafrost, sea ice, glaciers and ice sheets. Particular emphasis will be placed on the important role that each component plays in the larger climate system and potential feedbacks. We will also examine some of the social, economic and political impacts that the melting cryosphere will have on countries around the Arctic and also worldwide, such as access to new petroleum reserves, infrastructure damage due to melting permafrost, sea level rise and decreases in freshwater availability.

    Recorded on February 3, 2014.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. On Thin Ice 21 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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    Earth System Science 21. On Thin Ice. Lecture 01. Introduction

    46:42

    UCI ESS 21: On Thin Ice (Winter 2014)
    Lec 01. On Thin Ice -- Introduction --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: In recent decades we have observed a significant reduction of the cryosphere due to anthropogenic climate change. The observed and predicted changes in the extent and amount of snow and ice will have major impacts on climate, ecosystems and human populations both at a local and global scale. This course will introduce students to the science behind climate change as well as the physical and chemical processes that govern components of the cryosphere, including snow, permafrost, sea ice, glaciers and ice sheets. Particular emphasis will be placed on the important role that each component plays in the larger climate system and potential feedbacks. We will also examine some of the social, economic and political impacts that the melting cryosphere will have on countries around the Arctic and also worldwide, such as access to new petroleum reserves, infrastructure damage due to melting permafrost, sea level rise and decreases in freshwater availability.

    Recorded on January 6, 2014.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. On Thin Ice 21 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth systems

    4:07

    5 questions
    1. list 4 items that belong in the Hydrosphere
    2. List 4 items that belong in the Geosphere
    3 List 4 items that belong in the Atmosphere.
    4. List 4 items that belong in the Biosphere.
    5. Why are the systems called interdependent?

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    Earth System Science Part 3: Hydrosphere

    7:37

    Part three, for you and me. Engoy fun

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    Earth System Science Part 2: Geosphere

    5:46

    I have another school project so i made a miniseries of vids. engoy fun.

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 5. Photochemical Ozone Part I.

    1:14:06

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 05. Air Pollution -- Photochemical Ozone -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded October 10, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. (

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 16. Air Pollution and Global Climate, Part I.

    1:16:41

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 16. Air Pollution and Global Environment -- Air Pollution and Global Climate -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded on November 21, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution and Global Environment 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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