Earth System Science 1

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 1. Introduction and the Scientific Method

    40:35

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 01. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Introduction and the Scientific Method --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded on September 27, 2013

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 5. Plate Tectonics

    47:21

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 05. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Plate Tectonics --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 7, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 2. Systems and Feedbacks

    46:55

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 02. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Systems and Feedbacks --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded September 30, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 8. Volcanoes

    45:10

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 08. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Volcanoes --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 14, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 10. Atmosphere Formation and Evolution

    42:24

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 10. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Atmosphere Formation and Evolution --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded on October 18, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 3. Our Solar System and Universe

    46:18

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 03. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Our Solar System and Universe --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 2, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 6. Plate Boundaries

    39:55

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 06. Introduction to Earth System Science --Plate Boundaries --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 9, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License.

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 17. Oceans, Part I.

    45:58

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 17. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Oceans -- Part 1
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 6, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 11. Water Vapor and Clouds

    46:31

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 11. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Water Vapor and Clouds --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 23, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 7. Earthquakes

    47:06

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 07. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Earthquakes --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 11, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 13. Global Circulation Patterns

    45:57

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 13. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Global Circulation Patterns --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 28, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 21. History of Life on Earth

    49:02

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 21. Introduction to Earth System Science -- History of Life on Earth (and Mass Extinctions) --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 20, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 12. Winds and Extreme Weather

    48:24

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 12. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Winds and Extreme Weather --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 25, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 4. What Controls Our Planets Temperature?

    50:08

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 04. Introduction to Earth System Science -- What Controls Our Planet's Temperature --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 4, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 9. The Rock Cycle and the Geological Timescale

    45:12

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 09. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Rock Cycle and the Geological Timescale --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 16, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science Part 1: Introduction to ESS

    5:37

    This is part one of a mini-series i did for a school project. it is enjoyable and educational. so you should watch it definitely all the way through and stuff

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 22. Biogeochemical Cycles

    37:44

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 22. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Biogeochemical Cycles --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 22, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 16. Cryosphere

    48:56

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 16. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Cryosphere --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 4, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 18. Oceans, Part II.

    43:18

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 18. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Oceans -- Part 2
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 8, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 15. Freshwater, Part II.

    46:45

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 15. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Fresh Water -- Part 2
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 1, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 14. Freshwater, Part I.

    48:30

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 14. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Freshwater -- Part 1
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded October 30, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 1. Logistics/Definition of Air Pollution

    1:14:20

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 01. Air Pollution -- Logistics/Definition pf Air Pollution --
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    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

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    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded September 26, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 24. Human Impacts on the Earth System

    45:57

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 24. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Human Impacts on the Earth System --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 27, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 19. The Biosphere, Part I.

    44:55

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 19. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Biosphere -- Part 1
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 15, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 25. The Climate System and Past Climates

    48:58

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 25. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Climate System and Past Climates --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded December 2, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 20. The Biosphere, Part II.

    43:45

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 20. Introduction to Earth System Science -- The Biosphere -- Part 2
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 18, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 23. Human Population and Resource Demands

    46:36

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 23. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Human Population and Resource Demands --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded November 25, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 27. Future Climate Change

    42:47

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 27. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Future Climate Change --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded December 6, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 26. Why Climate Changes

    45:53

    UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
    Lec 26. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Why Climate Changes --
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

    Recorded December 4, 2013.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 8. Dynamic Atmosphere, Part I.

    1:12:44

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution and Global Environment (Fall 2013)
    Lec 08. Air Pollution and Global Environment -- Dynamic Atmosphere -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded October 24, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution and Global Environment 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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    Complexity Science: 9 Earth Systems Science

    5:05

    A brief overview to the area of Earth Systems Science where we will be looking at the different spheres that make up Earth as a complex adaptive system. For full courses, transcriptions and downloads please see:
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    Transcription:
    Earth systems science is the interdisciplinary study of earth as a complex system, composed of multiple physical and biological process that interact within cycles or spheres to give rise to the overall state of the earth as an entire systems.

    Of cause people have been studying earth for a long time, geologies study the formation of rocks, metrologies are interested in the atmosphere and so on,
    With all of these different domains supported by the deep understanding of our physical environment that physics has built up over the past few centuries.

    But it is only more recently that satellites have started to allow us to see earth as an entirety and human activity has begun to have a significant enough effect to alter earth systems making it increasingly important for us to be able to model and manage them.

    From space we can view the net results of earths complex interactions and with high-tech sensors on land and in the ocean, we are getting an clear idea of its overall make up, from this researchers in different domains are discovering how their pieces of the puzzle are related to each other.

    Earth systems science then tries to develop models that gives an integrated picture of how all these parts fit together, the first of these models is of earth as a systems in space with inputs and outputs of energy or radiation from the sun, with this energy being the primary factor in driving the dynamics process within the system.


    As opposed to focusing on the static properties of earths individual components
    Earth systems science instead takes a more dynamic view of the world, studying the ways energy and materials cycle through the different subsystems or what are called -spheres

    Earths different sphere are largely defined by the different phases of mater they are composed of thus the atmosphere is composed of gasses, the hydrosphere of liquid water and the lithosphere solid minerals added to this is the biosphere
    The sum of all biological material and processes.

    Within each sphere a process called a cycles take place, for example in the lithosphere we have the rock cycle driven by the thermal energy within earth's interior that releases minerals through ocean ridges and volcanoes that are weathered as they cycle through earths crust and are eventual subducted returning to their origin



    The hydro cycle driven by the thermal energy of the sun, cycles water between the earths surface and atmosphere through the process of evaporation, condensation and precipitation, this process helps to distribute moisture to support ecosystems at a variety of locations

    The atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet that is held in place by gravity, it is the primary vehicle of temperature and climate regulation through the Cycle of carbon in and out of the atmosphere where it functions, through the green house effect to trap the suns heart.

    The biosphere is the relatively thin layer of Earth's surface that supports all biological activity on earth. The biosphere is a system also characterized by the continuous cycling of matter and energy in the form of the flow of solar energy and nutrient mineral cycles.

    Solar energy flows through the biosphere along a unidirectional path, as the suns energy is inputted through plant photosynthesis and process up through what are called trophic levels form primary producers to herbivores and on to predators and apex predators.

    Along side the flow of energy through food webs it the cycling of mineral nutrients the core substances required for the construction of biological materials and processes, carbon, water, oxygen, nitrogen have been continuously cycled through the biosphere from one generation to the next for billions of years

    These different spheres interact to create a unique state or ecosystem, an ecosystems is the combination of a community of biological organism and a particular physical environment with which they interact...

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    Earth System Science 21. On Thin Ice. Lecture 11. Sea Ice, Part I.

    46:32

    Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.UCI ESS 21: On Thin Ice (Winter 2014)
    Lec 11. On Thin Ice -- Sea Ice -- Part 1
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    Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

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    Description: In recent decades we have observed a significant reduction of the cryosphere due to anthropogenic climate change. The observed and predicted changes in the extent and amount of snow and ice will have major impacts on climate, ecosystems and human populations both at a local and global scale. This course will introduce students to the science behind climate change as well as the physical and chemical processes that govern components of the cryosphere, including snow, permafrost, sea ice, glaciers and ice sheets. Particular emphasis will be placed on the important role that each component plays in the larger climate system and potential feedbacks. We will also examine some of the social, economic and political impacts that the melting cryosphere will have on countries around the Arctic and also worldwide, such as access to new petroleum reserves, infrastructure damage due to melting permafrost, sea level rise and decreases in freshwater availability.

    Recorded on February 3, 2014.

    Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. On Thin Ice 21 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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    WHAT IF WE COMPARE TRAPPIST-1 SYSTEM TO EARTH

    5:48

    Video captured in game using Universe Sandbox 2

    Game website

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    WHAT IF WE COMPARE TRAPPIST-1 SYSTEM TO EARTH || universe sandbox²

    TRAPPIST-1 NASA -

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 16. Air Pollution and Global Climate, Part I.

    1:16:41

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 16. Air Pollution and Global Environment -- Air Pollution and Global Climate -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded on November 21, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution and Global Environment 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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    Earth System 1. Hurricanes

    4:10

    How the Earth works
    Earth System 0. Earth from Space (Intro)
    Earth System 1. Hurricanes
    Earth System 2. Vapour in the Atmosphere
    Earth System 3. Antarctica: the Polar Jet & the Antarctic Brine
    Earth System 4. The Molten Rock
    Earth System 5. Phytoplankton: the Sahara & the Amazon
    Earth System 6. Wild Fires
    Earth System 7. The power of the Sun
    Earth System 8. The Human Race

    Satellites enable us to provide consistent, long-term observations, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Monitoring the Earth from space helps us understand how the Earth works and affects much of our daily lives. Monitoring conditions in space and solar flares from the sun help us understand how conditions in space affect the Earth.

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 5. Photochemical Ozone Part I.

    1:14:06

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 05. Air Pollution -- Photochemical Ozone -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded October 10, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. (

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 2. Air Composition-Before Human Interferences

    1:16:24

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 02. Air Pollution -- Air Composition-Before Human Interferences --
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded October 1, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. (

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    Four Spheres Part 1 : Crash Course Kids #6.1

    4:01

    In this episode of Crash Course Kids, Sabrina talks about two of the four spheres that make up our planet; The Geosphere and the Biosphere. What's in these spheres? How do they affect us? How do they fit into the puzzle that is Earth? All is contained within!

    This first series is based on 5th grade science. We're super excited and hope you enjoy Crash Course Kids!

    ///Standards Used in This Video///
    5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. [Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.]

    Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet?
    Crash Course Main Channel:
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    Credits...

    Executive Producers: John & Hank Green
    Producer & Editor: Nicholas Jenkins
    Cinematographer & Director: Michael Aranda
    Host: Sabrina Cruz
    Script Supervisor: Mickie Halpern
    Writer: Ben Kessler
    Consultant: Shelby Alinsky
    Script Editor: Blake de Pastino

    Thought Cafe Team:
    Stephanie Bailis
    Cody Brown
    Suzanna Brusikiewicz
    Jonathan Corbiere
    Nick Counter
    Kelsey Heinrichs
    Jack Kenedy
    Corey MacDonald
    Tyler Sammy
    Nikkie Stinchcombe
    James Tuer
    Adam Winnik

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    Exploring Earth System Science on Hurricane Island

    3:48

    In a cabin on windswept and rain-battered Hurricane Island in Penobscot Bay, 24 Bowdoin students clustered around a poster board covered with a winding trail of pink sticky notes – a timeline telling the island’s geologic and oceanographic history. “Glaciers retreat,” read one pink square at 15,000 years ago. “Sea level rises,” said another, situated 7,000 years later. Further down the line, in the 19th century: “2.5 million metric tons of granite quarried.”

    What’s impressive is that the students figured much of that history out themselves, during a single intensive weekend of closely studying the land and water on and around Hurricane Island. Along with 8 faculty and staff members from the Earth and Oceanographic Science Department, the students were hosted by the Hurricane Island Foundation Center for Science and Leadership for a field seminar titled “Earth System Science of Hurricane Island,” organized by EOS department chair Collin Roesler.

    The Sept. 20-22 trip was the department’s third annual field seminar for EOS majors and potential majors, following a 2012 trip to Grand Manan Island and a 2011 trip to Acadia National Park on Mount Desert Island.

    (Image credits: Abby McBride, Rachel Beane, and Alice Anderson. Produced by Abby McBride.)

    Learn more about Bowdoin's program at

    Learn more about the Hurricane Island Foundation at hurricaneisland.net

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    NASA & TRAPPIST-1: A Treasure Trove of Planets Found

    1:57

    Seven Earth-sized planets have been observed by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope around a tiny, nearby, ultra-cool dwarf star called TRAPPIST-1. Three of these planets are firmly in the habitable zone.

    Over 21 days, NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope measured the drop in light as each planet passed in front of the star. Spitzer was able to identify a total of seven rocky worlds, including three in the habitable zone, where liquid water might be found.

    The video features interviews with Sean Carey, manager of the Spitzer Science Center, Caltech/IPAC; Nikole Lewis, James Webb Space Telescope project scientist, Space Telescope Science Institute; and Michaël Gillon, principal investigator, TRAPPIST, University of Liege, Belgium.

    The system has been revealed through observations from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and the ground-based TRAPPIST (TRAnsiting Planets and PlanetesImals Small Telescope) telescope, as well as other ground-based observatories. The system was named for the TRAPPIST telescope.

    NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, manages the Spitzer Space Telescope mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Science operations are conducted at the Spitzer Science Center at Caltech in Pasadena. Spacecraft operations are based at Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company, Littleton, Colorado. Data are archived at the Infrared Science Archive housed at Caltech/IPAC. Caltech manages JPL for NASA. For more information about Spitzer, visit and

    Image Credit:
    NASA/JPL-Caltech

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    Earth System Science 23. Air Pollution. Lecture 14. Stratospheric Ozone Depletion, Part I

    1:7:11

    UCI ESS 23: Air Pollution (Fall 2013)
    Lec 14. Air Pollution and Global Environment -- Stratospheric Ozone Depletion -- Part 1
    View the complete course:

    Instructor: Saewung Kim, Ph.D.

    License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
    Terms of Use:
    More courses at

    Description: We will discuss sciences and societal consequences of air pollution problems such as: photochemical smog, atmospheric particle pollution, indoor pollution, acid rain, and human triggered climate change. Essential concepts of chemistry, physics, meteorology and mathematics will be introduced. The consequences of air pollution will be discussed in historical and international perspectives. The main educational goal is raising critical thinking skills for the students to develop their own opinions future environmental issues.

    Recorded on November 14, 2013.

    Required attribution: Kim, Saewung. Air Pollution and Global Environment 23 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US).

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    Earth System Science

    6:32

    NASA Connect segment explaining Earth System Science. The video also explores how modern technology studies the many different areas of Earth System Science.

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    Real World: Earth System Science

    5:30

    This NASA video segment introduces Earth System Science. Examples are provided that explain how systems are created by parts interconnecting with other parts to make a whole. Color animation and examples of systems model how they work. The use of graphs, charts, and drawings to communicate thinking is emphasized in this segment.

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    Climate Pooh-Bahs attack instructor of Earth System Science survey course

    1:00

    Fair use.

    Climate Pooh-Bahs attacked the content of a climate course for non Earth System science majors. They created a report in excess of one hundred pages, without contacting the instructor.

    The Guardian published a piece on the story purporting to show that the instructor was part of a dark conspiracy.

    The instructor, Tom Harris, believes that a fair minded person will see the coverage as unfair if they listen to the interview with Guardian journalist, Suzanne Goldberg, and read the Guardian article.

    Interview between the professor and the Guardian:


    Guardian article:



    Full Clip:

    NOTE: There is no copyright violation intended by this video. If you are the one who owns the rights to anything in this video, please don't hesitate to message me and it will be removed promptly.

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    AP Environmental Science: Earth systems 1

    13:40

    This video is the first in a series that follows the national AP Environmental Science curriculum. See more environmental science videos at birdconservationresearch.org.

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    weigand earth systems -wind video lecture #1

    17:29

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    AP Environmental Science: Earth systems 1

    13:40

    This video introduces the AP Environmental Science curriculum and focuses specifically on the topic of Earth Systems- the physical basis for life on Earth.

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    Topic 1 Unit 2 Earth Systems 3209

    6:30

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    Travelling from Earth to TRAPPIST-1

    45

    An animated journey from Earth to the TRAPPIST-1 system, passing the Moon on the way. The stars in the animation are accurately positioned, and the constellation of Aquarius (The Water Carrier), in which the system is located, appears to change as we fly through our nearby Universe. The tiny ultracool dwarf TRAPPIST-1 is so dim that it is invisible until we get quite close, when its seven orbiting planets can also be seen.

    The artist’s impression in this video is based on the known physical parameters for the planets and stars seen, and uses a vast database of objects in the Universe.

    More information and download options:

    Credit:
    ESO/L. Calçada/spaceengine.org

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    TRAPPIST-1 and 7 Earth-Like Planets - 2017 Discovery!

    15:50

    Hello and welcome to What Da Math!
    In this video, we will talk about the 2017 discovery of 7 Earth like planets in the TRAPPIST-1 system, the star about which we talked about previously.

    Patreon page:


    Enjoy and please subscribe.

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