Documentary: Mining in El Salvador

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    Documentary: Mining in El Salvador

    13:50

    Mining in El Salvador follows a delegation of Western students and academics as they observe first-hand a historic referendum in the country earlier this year. Watch how a grassroots movement led El Salvador to become the first country in the world to impose a national ban on metal mining.

    Written, directed and cinematography by Moses Monterroza.

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    El Salvador War Documentaries

    27:27

    The Salvadoran Civil War (1980--1992) was a conflict in El Salvador between the military-led government of El Salvador backed by the United States government, and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), a coalition or 'umbrella organization' of five left-wing guerrilla groups. Significant tensions and violence already existed in the 1970s, before the full-fledged official outbreak of the civil war—which lasted for twelve years. El Salvador's Civil War was the second longest civil war in Latin America after the Guatemalan Civil War.

    The conflict ended in the early 1990s. An unknown number of people disappeared, and more than 75,000 were killed.

    At war's end, the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador registered more than 22,000 complaints of political violence in El Salvador, between January 1980 and July 1991, 60 percent about summary killing, 25 percent about kidnapping, and 20 percent about torture. These complaints attributed almost 85 percent of the violence to State agents, private paramilitary groups, and the death squads. The Salvadoran armed forces were accused in 60 per cent of the complaints, the security forces in 25 percent, military escorts and civil defense units in 20 percent of complaints, the death squads in more than 10 percent, and the FMLN in 5 percent. The Truth Commission could collect only a significant sample of the full number of potential complaints, having had only three months to collect it.

    The retrospective assessments of human rights organizations and truth commissions document and reiterate that most violence was committed by the National Guard and other military bodies. Amnesty International's 1985 annual report likewise stated that that many of the 70,000 people killed in the preceding five years had been murdered by government forces, who openly dumped the mutilated corpses, in an apparent effort to terrorize the population. More than 70,000 people were killed, many in the course of gross violation of their human rights. More than 25 per cent of the populace was displaced as refugees before the civil warriors signed a U.N. peace treaty in 1992.

    Despite mostly killing peasants, the Government readily killed any opponent they suspected of sympathy with the guerrillas — clergy (men and women), church lay workers, political activists, journalists, labor unionists (leaders, rank-and-file), medical workers, liberal students and teachers, and human-rights monitors. The State's terrorism was effected by the security forces, the Army, the National Guard, and the Treasury Police; yet it was the paramilitary death squads who gave the Government plausible deniability of, and accountability for, the political killings. Typically, a death squad dressed in civilian clothes and traveled in anonymous vehicles (dark windows, blank license plates). Their terrorism comprised publishing future-victim death lists, delivering coffins to said future victims, and sending the target-person an invitation to his/her own funeral. Cynthia Arnson, a Latin American-affairs writer for Human Rights Watch, says: the objective of death-squad-terror seemed not only to eliminate opponents, but also, through torture and the gruesome disfigurement of bodies, to terrorize the population. In the mid-1980s, state terror against Salvadorans became open — indiscriminate bombing from military airplanes, planted mines, and the harassment of national and international medical personnel; all indicate that, although death rates attributable to the death squads have declined in El Salvador since 1983, non-combatant victims of the civil war have increased dramatically.

    In addition, the FMLN continuously violated the human rights of many Salvadorans and other individuals identified as right-wing supporters, military targets, pro-government politicians, intellectuals, public officials, and judges. These violations included kidnapping, bombings, rape, and killing.

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    Mines and Maras: The Human Cost of Gold Mining in El Salvador

    1:50

    Documentary shot by Trevor in 2013 on Marcelo Rivera, a mining activist kidnapped and murdered. The film was screened at Industries Lab in Cambridge, Massachussetts and with the Purdue Peace Project.

    To view the full film please contact Trevor via email: trevorwallace90@gmail.com

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    Big Victory for El Salvador Against Mining Giant

    1:18

    El Salvador has won a huge victory, against Canadian-Australian mining giant Oceanagold.

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    Protests halt gold mining in El Salvador

    2:58

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    Canada's Pacific Rim mining company owns all the land around El Dorado in El Salvador - one of the most coveted gold mines in Central America.

    But the company has been unable to dig in because of resistance from local environmentalists who say that cyanide used in gold mining will contaminate their rivers.

    The mine is currently shut down because of protests.

    And the recent murders and death threats against activists in the region have put the spotlight on the gold mining project there.

    Al Jazeera's Lucia Newman reports from Cabanas, in El Salvador.

    At Al Jazeera English, we focus on people and events that affect people's lives. We bring topics to light that often go under-reported, listening to all sides of the story and giving a 'voice to the voiceless.'
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    El Salvador Bans Metal Mining

    1:00

    Salvadoran lawmakers voted March 29 to prohibit mining for gold and other metals, citing environmental concerns, among others

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    The Mysterious Death of Marcelo Rivera

    7:35

    Watch the entire film NOW:

    en Espanol:

    The Pacific Rim mining company has been lobbying for years for drilling rights under the mountain of El Dorado, an ironically named landmark in El Salvador containing over $1.3 billion worth of gold and precious metals. These resources come at a price however - severe environmental and human rights concerns have fueled a healthy resistance against the company and their mining practices.

    This short film takes a close look at the recent death of activist Marcelo Rivera, the current class-action lawsuit against El Salvadors government, and the connections between the two.

    To sign our petition and send a personal message to the office of Arlen Specter demanding an investigation into this crime, click the link below.

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    El Salvadors gold fight goes international

    14:39

    After activists block its mining permit, Canadian gold mining corporation is using a US free trade agreement to sue the government of El Salvador

    Produced by Jesse Freeston

    For more visit therealnews.com

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    La_mineria_en_El_Salvador_2016_VF

    21:11

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    Gold Mining in El Salvador

    56:12

    Vidalina Morales spoke to members of the SJ Around the Bay network on Nov. 11 2013 as part of an Australian tour. Hear of the struggle the Salvadorans are having to prevent the opening of a gold mine now owned by the Australian based company OceanaGold. OceanaGold recently bought a major shareholding from Pacific Rim of Canada. Pacific Rim is currently suing the government of the country for $315m for failing to grant a mining licence under provisions of a free trade agreement. Opponents see cyanide and other mining pollutants as a threat to their livelihood.

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    El Salvador Approves Anti-Metal Mining Law

    30

    The Congress of El Salvador passed a law Wednesday prohibiting metal mining, considering that it is an industry that creates negative impacts on the environment and human health.

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    El oro o la vida / Life for gold Spanish with English subtitles

    56:43

    EL ORO O LA VIDA
    ReColonización y Resistencia en Centro América

    LIFE FOR GOLD
    ReColonization and Resistance in Central America

    Documental, 57 minutos
    Caracol Producciones
    Guatemala, 2011


    Con el apoyo de Amigos de la Tierra Internacional (ATI) y CEIBA-Amigos de la Tierra Guatemala.



    ----

    SINOPSIS

    Actualmente Centro América sufre una invasión de empresas mineras transnacionales.
    Goldcorp es la compañía de oro canadiense con mayor expansión en el área. Durante los últimos años sus operaciones han provocado contaminación, enfermedades, muerte, división comunitaria y criminalización de la protesta social.
    En Honduras y El Salvador la indignación y la organización crecen cada día. En Guatemala más de 50 Pueblos Mayas han decidido poner freno a la expansión minera por medio de Consultas Comunitarias.
    Esta lucha apenas comienza.

    -----

    SYNOPSIS (inglés)

    During the last few years, mining multinational corporations are invading Central America.
    Goldcorp is an example of this, a Canadian mining corporation with the greatest territorial expansion in the region, and we're already seeing the results of its operations: contamination, disease, community division, and the criminalization of social protest.
    In Honduras and El Salvador, indignation and organization are rising. In Guatemala, through Community Consultations, more then 50 Mayan communities have decided to stop the expansion of mining.
    The struggle is just beginning.

    ------

    El oro o la vida ha sido ampliamente difundido a través de las organizaciones sociales en Guatemala y resto de Centroamérica en video foros comunitarios. También ha tenido presencia en algunos Festivales Internacionales. A continuación detallamos:

    PRESENCIA EN FESTIVALES Y MUESTRAS INTERNACIONALES

    - XI Festival de Cine y Video de los Pueblos Indígenas, Bogotá, Medellín, Colombia, Septiembre 2012. Mejor Documental Categoría: Defensa del Territorio y los Sitios Sagrados.
    - V Festival SurRealidades de Cine Ambiental y Derechos Humanos, Bogotá, Colombia, Septiembre 2012. Mejor documental.
    - VI Gran Premio Anaconda 2011-12. Lima, Perú, Marzo 2012. Ganador Gran Premio Anaconda.
    - VII Festival Latinoamericano Contra el Silencio todas las Voces, México, Abril 2012. Ganador Categoría Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable.
    - V Festival Internacional de Cine y Medio Ambiente, Zaragoza, España, Mayo 2012. Mención Especial del Jurado.
    - Ciclo de Cine Centroamericano, Viena, Austria, Marzo 2012. Mención Honorífica del Público.
    - 1er Festival Rodolfo Maya, Cauca, Colombia, Julio 2011. Mención Honorífica.


    - 8º Festival Internacional de Cine de los Derechos Humanos, Sucre, Bolivia, Julio 2012. Selección Oficial.
    - Cinesul 2012, XIX Festival Ibero-americano de Cinema e Vídeo. Río de Janeiro, Brazil, Junio 2012. Selección Oficial Cinesul Ambiental Río + 20.
    - 8º Aljazeera International Documentary Film Festival, Doha, Qatar, Abril 2012. Selección Oficial.
    - 8º Festival de Cine Latinoamericano, Ultrecht, Holanda, Abril 2012. Selección Oficial.
    - Foro Alternativo Mundial del Agua, Marsella, Francia, Marzo 2012. Selección Oficial.
    - 6º Ekozinemaldia, Ciclo de Cine Ecológico, Ecologistas en Acción, País Vasco, Marzo 2012. Selección Oficial.
    - 4º Festival Doculatino, Catapa, Amberes, Gante y Lovaina, Bélgica, Febrero 2012. Selección Oficial.
    - Human Rights Human Wrongs, Documentary Film Festival, Oslo Noruega, Febrero 2012. Selección Oficial.
    - XIV Festival Ícaro de Cine y Video de Centro América, Guatemala, Noviembre 2011. Nominado a Mejor Documental Centroamericano.
    - II Festival Internacional de Cine de Medioambiente, Costa Rica, Noviembre 2011. Selección Oficial.
    - 3º Festival Internacional de Cine Invisible, Bilbao, País Vasco, Octubre 2011. Selección Oficial.
    - Muestra Itinerante Agua, Ríos y Pueblos, Guatemala 2011. Selección Oficial.


    Agradecemos la colaboración de:
    -- en Guatemala: CEIBA-AT Guatemala, Asamblea en Defensa de los Recursos Naturales de Huehuetenango (ADH), Comunidades en Resistencia de San Marcos, Comunidades en Resistencia de San Juan Sacatepéquez, Comunidad 31 de Mayo, ADISMI, Pastoral Social de San Marcos, COPAE, Consejo de Pueblos de Occidente (CPO), Comisión Justicia y Paz - Familia Franciscana, Waqib´ Kej, Radio Sipaestéreo, UDEFEGUA, Asociación Canaria Siembra, Derechos en Acción, Colectif Guatemala -- en Honduras: Madre Tierra-AT Honduras, CPTRT, Comité Ambientalista Valle de Siria. -- en El Salvador: CESTA-AT El Salvador, Comité Ambiental de Cabañas, CEICOM, ADES, Radio Victoria.

    También puede ver el documental en vimeo:


    MÁS INFORMACIÓN

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    From Miscarriage to Murder: El Salvadors Brutal Abortion Laws

    22:45

    Abortion law in El Salvador recognises no distinction between intentional abortion and unintentional miscarriage, applying jail sentences to both. SBS Dateline investigates the devastating consequences this has for women.

    For similar stories, see:
    Anti-Abortion Laws Are Sweeping Across Red States (2013)

    One Woman's Quest Against Unsafe Abortion

    Pregnant And In Chains - Trailer


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    15-year-old Rosetta attends a prenatal health demonstration in El Salvador. She tells us it is not uncommon to see pregnant 12 year-olds in the local community. The religious culture in El Salvador is such that young girls who have been victims of gang violence, incest and sexual assault are expected to carry their pregnancies to term. Otherwise they face criminal charges.

    The threat of criminal offence extends to those who miscarry unintentionally. As lawyer Dennis Munoz explains, obstetric complications are spontaneous or involuntary but the justice system in El Salvador interprets a spontaneous event as an intentional event. Medical professionals feel they must report any cases of miscarriage to the police, or face prosecution themselves. Even though the women should be protected by doctor patient confidentiality. Maria Josefina's daughter Evelyn was jailed for miscarriage, she was handcuffed in the room she was hospitalised in, Maria cries.

    With the country's lawmakers pushing for even heavier anti-abortion sentences, this system of oppressive institutionalised misogyny looks set to continue.

    SBS Australia – Ref. 6954

    Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.

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    Tasajera Island Documentary - El Salvador

    10:22

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    Gold, impunity and violence in El Salvador

    11:40

    Assassination of anti-mining resistance leader, Marcelo Rivera, highlights campaign of terror against activists in Central America.

    Produced by Jesse Freeston

    For more visit therealnews.com

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    Afro-Central Americans Part 1

    15:04

    The African descended population of the countries of Central America, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. One group was delivered largely in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries to work in mines on the Pacific site of the area, and most lost their specific African identity over time and through custom. Their present day descendants speak Spanish. The other group had more diverse origins, but often had connections with England. One group arrived with a shipwrecked slave ship in the seventeenth century, the Miskito Sambu, another group were brought by English settlers on the Mosquito Coast and in Belize, a third group arrived from the island of St Vincent, deported by the English in 1797, the Garifuna, and another came in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries from Jamaica, the Bay Islands, Cayman Islands and occasionally other English Caribbean colonies through labor schemes of the large American transportation and fruit growing concerns.

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    Paul Walker Visits Famous Nissan Skyline GT-R Tuner Mines in Japan

    7:07

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    GTChannel was there when actor Paul Walker of Fast and Furious 6 visited Mine's Motorsports in Japan. Tarzan Yamada was there to give ride alongs in the GT-R but ended up...

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    El Salvador Trip 2011 Documentary

    10:58

    Hull High's group P.H.I or Project Humanitarian Involvement went to El Salvador and built houses. The trip was not just about building houses, but establishing relationships with the people of the community and you can see just how we do that throughout the video!

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    The Lost Mayan CvilizationHistory DocumentaryHD

    44:29

    The Maya are probably the best-known of the classical civilizations of Mesoamerica. Mayan history starts in the Yucatan around 2600 B.C., Mayan history rose to prominence around A.D. 250 in present-day southern Mexico, Guatemala, western Honduras, El Salvador, and northern Belize.

    Ancient Chinese Explorers:

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    1st 7 min of Return to El Salvador-Now on Hulu

    7:27

    Watch the entire film NOW:

    This is the entire, uncut first seven minutes of Return to El Salvador. This sequence will introduce one of the many Salvadoran faces you'll get to know over the course of the film, and a brief introduction into the past 40 years of rocky Salvadoran history.

    Narration by Martin Sheen.
    Opening title sequence music by Manu Chao.
    Edited by Dan Moretz and James Knightly.
    Visual Effects and Graphics designed by Steve Chandler.
    Directed by Jamie Moffett

    Pre-order the DVD: returntoelsalvador.com

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    Chinas African Gold Rush - 101 East

    25:01

    101 East travels into Ghana's tropical rainforest where 30,000 Chinese miners hunt for gold.

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    El Salvador, Return to El Salvador, Documental

    3:25

    El Salvador, Return to El Salvador, Documental

    Some of the best sights from our upcoming feature film, Return to El Salvador.

    For more info, visit returntoelsalvador.com

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    Gold or Water?

    15:33

    The struggle against metallic mining in El Salvador.

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    USA: DC protest demands halt to fat cat gold mining in El Salvador

    1:30

    Video ID: 20140915-047

    W/S Protesters gathered in front of World Bank with a giant inflatable fat cat
    C/U Hand of giant fat cat holding a cigar
    M/S Inflatable fat cat crushing a man in his hand
    M/S Protesters
    M/S Protesters chanting
    W/S Protesters chanting
    M/S World Bank entrance
    C/U World Bank logo
    W/S World Bank entrance
    W/S Protesters gathered in front of World Bank with a giant inflatable fat cat
    M/S Protesters
    SOT, Jacek Orzechowski, Franciscan priest (in English): Their right to live, their right to drinkable water, national sovereignty should not be subjecated and violated by the transnational companies such as Pacific Rim, Oceana Gold. That is on extracting gold and in the process contaminating one of the major sources of drinkable water for people of El Salvador.
    W/S Protesters holding signs
    M/S Giant inflatable fat cat
    M/S Protesters clapping
    M/S Protester holding sign reading Friends of the Earth
    W/S World Bank headquarters

    SCRIPT

    Dozens of environmental activists gathered outside the World Bank on H Street in Washington, D.C., Monday, to protest against the pollution of water in El Salvador as a result of gold mining.

    Around 20 organisations such as Case de Maryland, Centre for International Law and Oxfam America gathered in solidarity with the people of El Salvador, calling gold mining a scourge on the country's environment. Representatives of the “Saint Camillus” Franciscan Church in Springfield, one of the largest community of El Salvadorans in the USA, also joined the protest.

    The demonstration coincided with a lawsuit at the World Bank's International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes. The case concerns the Oceana Gold/Pacific Rim Mining Corporation, which is suing the El Salvadorian government for over $300 million (€232 million) for allegedly refusing to let the company mine gold. The hearing also comes on the National Day of Independence of El Salvador.

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    Hope, Faith Revolution The US EL Salvador Sister Cities

    21:37

    A documentary about US- el Salvador sister city relation and their impact on the salvadorian civil war.

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    World Bank Protest - Pacific Rim v El Salvador Case - 12-15-2011

    5:45

    Pacific Rim is suing El Salvador for up to hundreds of millions of dollars under the U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) for not approving a mining license. Since Canada isn't part of this agreement, Pacific Rim opened a subsidiary in Reno, Nevada.

    On December 15, 2011, a number of civil society groups came together to oppose the World Bank tribunal that is deciding the case, outside the World Bank building in Washington DC.

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    El documental La mina del diablo

    51:06

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    El documental - La mina del diablo
    24 ago 2012
    El documental cuenta la historia de Basilio Vargas, un niño de 14 años, y su hermano Bernardino, de 12, mientras trabajan en las minas de Cerro Rico en Potosí de Bolivia.

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    Pacific Rim Mining employees invited to film Return to El Salvador, narrated by Martin Sheen

    51

    Watch the entire film now on Hulu!

    Director Jamie Moffett makes a personal invite to the employees of the Pacific Rim Mining company, offering free tickets to the film Return to El Salvador, narrated by Martin Sheen. The movie is screens in cities all across Canada, including Vancouver, the home of Pacific Rim Mining.

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    Living Without Water: Contamination Nation

    15:53

    There are tens of thousands of Americans living without clean, running water on the Navajo Nation today. This is because decades of uranium mining have contaminated the majority of water sources on the reservation.

    VICE News travels to New Mexico to find out how people are coping, and if there is hope for the future.

    Read The World Is Running Out of Water -

    Read ​The Value of Water on the West Coast — And Why California Is So Screwed -

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    Blood Diamonds and Religious War: Diamonds and Division

    10:39

    The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in the world, but it is also rich in natural resources. One of the official mining sectors has collapsed amid the country’s ongoing conflict, and now both sides are benefitting from the illicit trade of gold and diamonds. Clashes over control of the many mines have also created religious tension in places where there previously had been none.

    VICE News traveled to mines located in the heart of the Central African Republic to see how the battle over natural resources is playing out in one of the world’s most violent conflicts.

    Watch The Human Cost of War in the Central African Republic -

    Watch War in the Central African Republic -

    Read UN Peacekeeper Released Hours After Being Kidnapped in the Central African Republic -

    Read Violence Escalates in Central African Republic as Thousands of Muslims Remain Trapped in the Country -

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    CIA Gun Running Drug Smuggling And Money Laundering In Mena Arkansas - CBS Part 1

    14:22

    In the 1980's, the Mena airport became one of the world's largest aircraft refurbishing centers, providing services to planes from many countries. Researchers claim that the largest consumers of aircraft refurbishing services are drug smugglers and intelligence agencies involved in covert activities. In fact, residents of Mena, Arkansas, have told reporters that former marine Lt. Colonel Oliver North was a frequent visitor during the 1980's. Eugene Hasenfus, a pilot who was shot down in a Contra supply plane over Nicaragua in 1986, was also seen in town renting cargo vehicles.

    A federal Grand Jury looking into activities at the Mena airport refused to hand down any indictments after drug running charges were made public. Deborah Robinson says that Clinton had ignored the situation until he began his presidential campaign. Clinton then said he would provide money for a state run investigation of the Mena airport. But according to Robinson, the promise of an investigation was never followed up by Clinton's staff. In fact, a local Arkansas state prosecutor blasted Clinton's promise of an investigation, comparing it to spitting on a forest fire.

    Clinton's involvement in the drug and arms running goes even further than a mere cover-up of the deplorable activities that went on, and are still going on, at the airport in Mena. A federal mail fraud case against an Arkansas pilot-trainer who participated in illegal arms exports to Central America relied on a key Clinton staffer as a chief witness. The case was dismissed for lack of evidence when the CIA refused to allow the discussion of top secret information about the arms transfers.

    Terry Reed, a former employee of the CIA's Air America operation in Laos during the Indochina war, claims to have been recruited as a pilot trainer into the Iran operation by Oliver North. Reed said that in 1983 he had agreed to supply North's operatives with certain items.

    In pursuit of the Reagan administration's Contra war against the Sandinistas, the CIA had planted mines in Nicaragua's harbors. In 1984, Congress passed the Boland Amendment, which cut off US aid to the Contras. According to Reed, it was during this period that North aided him to become involved in a covert operation called Project Donation. Reed was told he would be reimbursed for supplying the Contras by insurance companies that were linked to North's operation.,

    Shortly afterwards, Reed reported the theft of Piper turbo-prop aircraft and he filed a $33,000 claim on which he eventually collected almost $7,000.

    In late 1985, Reed received a phone call from an Air America buddy, William Cooper, a pilot working with Southern Air Transport, another CIA front company. Cooper also was working with soon to be murdered drug kingpin Barry Seal at the same time he was flying re-supply missions for the Contras. In 1986, he was shot down and killed over Nicaragua along with co-pilot Wallace Sawyer. The plane's cargo-kicker, Eugene Hasenfus, parachuted into the arms of waiting Sandinista soldiers. Video images of his capture spanned the world and forced an airing of a tiny part of US covert operations.

    Sandinistas who recovered the downed cargo plane searched Cooper's pockets and found phone numbers linking the re-supply operation with Felix Rodriguez, an associate of George Bush, best known for murdering Che Guevara after his capture in Bolivia. To this day, Rodriguez, who works for the CIA, wears Che's watch as a trophy.

    Reed says that Cooper told him that the stolen Piper would soon be returned and that he should store it in a hanger at Mena until the Hasenfus mess blew over. There was a lot of Contra stuff going on in Arkansas. said Reed, it was the hub.

    Meanwhile, Reed went into business in Mexico with the blessing of Rodriguez, who was overseeing the Contra air re-supply operation in El Salvador. Reed's company used Mexico to export arms to the Contras, in violation of the Boland Amendment. Reed went down to Mexico and his operation continued for a year after the Iran-Contra story broke.

    According to Arkansas Committee researcher Mark Swaney, in the summer of 1987, even as the ContraGate hearings were going on in Congress, Terry Reed began to suspect they were using his front company for something other than smuggling weapons. One day, he was looking for a lathe in one of his warehouses near the airport in Guadalajara and he opened up one of the very large air freight shipping containers (they are about 28' long, about 7' high and about 8' wide), and he found it packed full of cocaine. (story continued in part 2)

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    To Serve & Protect | Coming to America

    28:55

    The fatal shooting of Michael Brown in the summer of 2014 sparked a series of protests in Ferguson, Missouri which quickly spread across the country. The strength of the law enforcement response in Ferguson to these protests set off a fierce debate about the increasing militarization of the American police force. Thomas Morton goes to Ferguson at the height of the protests to get an in-depth look at the situation on the ground. He then goes to Urban Shield in Oakland, California and talks to expert Radley Balko to learn how US SWAT teams and police are being trained and how they are getting military grade equipment to police their local communities. Senator Rand Paul discusses the efforts being made in Washington to address this issue, and its underlying causes.

    Then, Suroosh Alvi goes to El Salvador to see the conditions that are motivating a mass migration to the US border. Over the last two years, there has been an influx of thousands of Central Americans immigrating to the United States, many of whom are fleeing rampant gang violence in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala. VICE travels from El Salvador through Mexico to see the perilous journey on top of a network of trains called The Beast that many of these immigrants must take in order to get to the United States.

    VICE returns on Friday, February 5 at 11PM, exclusively on HBO

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    TTIP: Might is Right -

    49:17

    The proposed free trade agreement between the US and Europe (TTIP, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) causes concern about the European right to self-determination. The most controversial part of TTIP is ISDS: investor-state dispute settlement that will make it possible for companies to sue governments that damage their investments.

    Tens of thousands of European citizens protested against TTIP, which would create the world’s largest free-trade zone. According to the Dutch government TTIP could be realized as soon as 2016. If the EU ratifies the trade agreement, critics fear that the scales will tilt toward North-American standards and values with regard to (food) safety, workers’ and consumer rights.

    In order to understand the potential consequences of this, VPRO Backlight traveled to Canada, which became one of the most sued countries in the world after it entered into a trade agreement with the US. With: Steve Verheul (Canadian negotiator), Gus van Harten (Canadian lawyer and ISDS expert), Nikos Lavranos (former negotiator for the Netherlands) and British Korean economist Ha-Joon Chang.

    Originally broadcasted by VPRO in 2015.
    © VPRO Backlight October 2015

    VPRO Documentary:
    Our globalized world causes societies, economies and cultures to seek a new balance. VPRO Documentary reflects on this with new features every week. We research subjects like politics, world economy, society and science with experts and try to grasp the essence of prominent trends and developments.

    So subscribe to our channel and we will be delighted to share our adventures with you!

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    Credits:
    Director: Roland Duong
    Research: William de Bruijn
    Producers: Jolanda Segers, Bircan Unlu
    Commissioning editors: Marije Meerman, Doke Romeijn
    English, French and Spanish subtitles: Ericsson.
    French and Spanish subtitles are co-funded by European Union.

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    H2Over- Water Pollution; El Salvador

    2:10

    Well this is a mini documentary we made. Its badass than anyhting else, didn't really have a lot of material to work with. oh well, enjoy.

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    DN! Another Anti-Mining Activist Killed in El Salvador

    39

    Another Anti-Mining Activist Killed in El Salvador

    For the second time in a week, a prominent anti-mining activist has been assassinated in El Salvador. On Saturday, thirty-two-year-old Dora Alicia Recinos Sorto was shot dead near her home. One of her children was also injured in the shooting. Sorto was an active member of the Cabañas Environment Committee which has campaigned against the reopening of a gold mine owned by the Vancouver-based Pacific Rim Mining Company. Last week, Ramiro Rivera Gomez, the vice president of the Cabañas Environment Committee, was also shot dead. Another anti-mining activist, Marcelo Rivera, was murdered earlier this year in El Salvador.

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    Maya Civilization Documentary 2016

    49:08

    The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its hieroglyphic script—the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas—as well as for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system. The Maya civilization developed in an area that encompasses southeastern Mexico, all of Guatemala and Belize, and the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador. This region consists of the northern lowlands encompassing the Yucatán Peninsula, and the highlands of the Sierra Madre, running from the Mexican state of Chiapas, across southern Guatemala and onwards into El Salvador, and the southern lowlands of the Pacific littoral plain.

    The Archaic period, prior to 2000 BC, saw the first developments in agriculture and the earliest villages. The Preclassic period (c. 2000 BC to 250 AD) saw the establishment of the first complex societies in the Maya region, and the cultivation of the staple crops of the Maya diet, including maize, beans, squashes, and chili peppers. The first Maya cities developed around 750 BC, and by 500 BC these cities possessed monumental architecture, including large temples with elaborate stucco façades. Hieroglyphic writing was being used in the Maya region by the 3rd century BC. In the Late Preclassic a number of large cities developed in the Petén Basin, and Kaminaljuyu rose to prominence in the Guatemalan Highlands. Beginning around 250 AD, the Classic period is largely defined as when the Maya were raising sculpted monuments with Long Count dates. This period saw the Maya civilization develop a large number of city-states linked by a complex trade network. In the Maya Lowlands two great rivals, Tikal and Calakmul, became powerful. The Classic period also saw the intrusive intervention of the central Mexican city of Teotihuacan in Maya dynastic politics. In the 9th century, there was a widespread political collapse in the central Maya region, resulting in internecine warfare, the abandonment of cities, and a northward shift of population. The Postclassic period saw the rise of Chichen Itza in the north, and the expansion of the aggressive K'iche' kingdom in the Guatemalan Highlands. In the 16th century, the Spanish Empire colonised the Mesoamerican region, and a lengthy series of campaigns saw the fall of Nojpetén, the last Maya city in 1697.

    Classic period rule was centred on the concept of the divine king, who acted as a mediator between mortals and the supernatural realm. Kingship was patrilineal, and power would normally pass to the eldest son. A prospective king was also expected to be a successful war leader. Maya politics was dominated by a closed system of patronage, although the exact political make-up of a kingdom varied from city-state to city-state. By the Late Classic, the aristocracy had greatly increased, resulting in the corresponding reduction in the exclusive power of the divine king. The Maya civilization developed highly sophisticated artforms, and the Maya created art using both perishable and non-perishable materials, including wood, jade, obsidian, ceramics, sculpted stone monuments, stucco, and finely painted murals.

    Maya cities tended to expand haphazardly, and the city centre would be occupied by ceremonial and administrative complexes, surrounded by an irregular sprawl of residential districts. Different parts of a city would often be linked by causeways. The principal architecture of the city consisted of palaces, pyramid-temples, ceremonial ballcourts, and structures aligned for astronomical observation. The Maya elite were literate, and developed a complex system of hieroglyphic writing that was the most advanced in the pre-Columbian Americas. The Maya recorded their history and ritual knowledge in screenfold books, of which only three uncontested examples remain, the rest having been destroyed by the Spanish. There are also a great many examples of Maya text found on stelae and ceramics. The Maya developed a highly complex series of interlocking ritual calendars, and employed mathematics that included one of the earliest instances of the explicit zero in the world. As a part of their religion, the Maya practised human sacrifice.

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    Anti-Mining activist killed in El Salvador - Dec. 29 Interview with CISPES on Democracy Now!

    9:20

    Amy Goodman from Democracy Now! interviews CISPES executive director Alexis Stoumbelis about the recent spate of assassinations in El Salvador, the growing anti-mining movement, and the Central America Free Trade Agreement. (The interview has been edited slightly to be under 10 minutes; watch the entire interview at

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    Wisconsins mining standoff

    24:28

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    Environmentalists align with local tribes to stop the development of an open-pit taconite mine in the Penokee Mountains.

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    Snake Island

    28:03

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    The highest concentration of one of the most venomous snakes in the world is located about 90 miles off the coast of Santos, Brazil, on a small, craggy chunk of otherwise uninhabitable land. It's known as Ilha da Queimada Grande, or Snake Island, and it's the only place you will find 2,000 or so of the wholly unique golden lancehead viper, or Bothrops insularis.

    When you step ashore, with a keen eye you spot one of these snakes roughly every 10 to 15 minutes after clearing the base of the island, and as many as one every six square yards in other parts of the island. This means, as you are walking through the waist-high brush, even with some good boots on, it's like walking through a minefield that moves and, instead of blowing you into chunks, slowly paralyzes you and liquefies your insides, as the golden lancehead does to the migrating birds it feeds on in the treetops.

    Well, liquefying your insides may be a stretch, but no one knows for sure because no one bitten has lived long enough even to be admitted to a hospital, or at least none of the researchers who accompanied VICE on their journey to Snake Island owned up to that fact. Nor did the Brazilian Navy, who allowed VICE exclusive access to document their annual maintenance inspection of Snake Island's lighthouse—which has been automated ever since the 1920s, after the old lighthouse keeper ran out of food and disappeared while picking wild bananas in a small grove near the shore. According to legend, he and the members of his rescue party died one by one, all alone and in search of one another after each had been missing for some time.

    The golden lancehead is so unique and its venom so potent that specimens procured by snake-smuggling biopirates can fetch up to $30,000 apiece on the black market (with prices going much higher depending on the location of the rich weirdo snake collector or, some have speculated, the black-market biopharmaceutical chemists attempting to beat Brazil on a patent).

    Is that the craziest fucking description of a documentary you've ever heard? The answer is yes. So of course VICE's editor-in-chief, Rocco Castoro, and senior producer, Jackson Fager, had to go there and nose around for themselves. On their return they said things like:

    It was like a David Lynch movie through the prism of Satan's asshole. The anti-Galápagos. Darwin in reverse.

    [It's] cut off from the mainland and perhaps the land of a long-buried pirate treasure, according to the stories from local fishermen. But they also told us there were aliens on the island, so pretty much anything goes. It's scorched earth. It's where I would send my worst enemies to live, and I look forward to setting up a business with the Brazilian government to do just that. After the World Cup, of course.

    What I can tell you is that there are stone fucking steps hand-carved into the face of one of the prominent cliffs, all the way up. But you can't dock anywhere near there. There's also the possibility that [the venom] could be used for an anti-cancer drug, or perhaps anti-aging. Maybe it could save mankind. Whatever. They wouldn't have saved my ass.

    There are blue locusts and so many of these weird, prehistoric-looking cockroaches on the ground at night that it crunches when you walk. Place is fucked. No one is allowed there for a reason. Don't ever go.

    All that said, great shoot. Great diving, too.

    Check out the Best of VICE here:

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    Jamie Moffett on El Salvador

    2:41

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    STUNG by a BULLET ANT!

    19:48

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    On this episode of Breaking Trail, Coyote takes on the Bullet Ant Challenge and is STUNG by the most painful insect sting in the world!

    With much ANTicipation surrounding his climb to the top of the insect sting pain index, the moment has finally arrived for Coyote to experience the sting that is said to feel like “being shot by a gun” and last for over 24 hours.

    Will the intensity of the Bullet Ant sting match its legendary status?

    Get ready…you’re about to find out!


    HUGE THANKS to Brian Kubicki for providing all drone footage, hosting the crew at this location and making the Bullet Ant Adventure possible! To visit his amazing amphibian reserve check out his website for details -

    Breaking Trail leaves the map behind and follows adventurer and animal expert Coyote Peterson and his crew as they encounter a variety of wildlife in the most amazing environments on the planet!

    The Brave Wilderness Channel is your one stop connection to a wild world of adventure and amazing up close animal encounters!

    Follow along with adventurer and animal expert Coyote Peterson and his crew as they lead you on three exciting expedition series - Emmy Award Winning Breaking Trail, Dragon Tails and Coyote’s Backyard - featuring everything from Grizzly Bears and Crocodiles to Rattlesnakes and Tarantulas…each episode offers an opportunity to learn something new.

    So SUBSCRIBE NOW and join the adventure that brings you closer to the most beloved, bizarre and misunderstood creatures known to man!

    GET READY...things are about to get WILD!
    New Episodes Every Tuesday and Friday at 9AM EST

    Subscribe Now! youtube.com/BraveWilderness

    Find more info at: CoyotePeterson.com

    Coyote Peterson on Twitter: twitter.com/CoyotePeterson

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    Coyote Peterson G+: plus.google.com/100310803754690323805/about

    *Special mention to the entire Brave Wilderness staff and crew for pulling off the Herculean effort that was the making of this video…Coyote, Chris, Mark, Mario, Roel, Brian and Chance made this 20min video, in its entirety, in just 5 days of round the clock production and editing. We are very proud of our journey to reach the top of “Sting Mountain” and sincerely hope you enjoyed the adventure! Thanks for watching!

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    1stSpeakerPart4 - San Isidro. Gold mining murderers

    4:46

    First speaker at a one day seminar in San Isidro, describing the thuggish tactics of Canadian/Australian gold mining companies in the Cabanas Province of El Salvador. Several years ago community activist, Marcel Rivera was killed, with his pregnant wife. The lawyer speaking here has also been subject to persecution and death threats.

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    1stSpeakerPart3 -San Isidro. Gold mining murderers

    4:09

    First speaker at a one day seminar in San Isidro, describing the thuggish tactics of Canadian/Australian gold mining companies in the Cabanas Province of El Salvador. Several years ago community activist, Marcel Rivera was killed, with his pregnant wife. The lawyer speaking here has also been subject to persecution and death threats.

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    Top 15 Most Dangerous Places On Earth

    18:49

    You probably shouldn't travel to any of these places...
    Subscribe Here:
    Twitter:

    Written by: Jonah Petruic

    The list of most dangerous cities on Earth:
    Cuidad Juarez, Mexico
    Kabul, Afghanistan
    Detroit, USA
    Guatemala City, Guatemala
    Karachi, Pakistan
    Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Cape Town, South Africa
    San Salvador, El Salvador
    Cali, Colombia
    Mogadishu, Somalia
    Bagdad, Iraq
    Acapulco, Mexico
    Caracas, Venezuela
    Mosul, Iraq
    San Pedro Sula, Honduras

    Music:
    Controlled Chaos
    Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
    Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0

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    Del Inca Mine.mov

    6:22

    Mina del Inca, in the heart of El Salvador mining richness, at just 15 km from the city and neighbor of Codelco and BHP Billiton, 3000 hectares, rich in copper, silver and molybdenum.

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    Face to Face with Grahame Russell - Are Canadian mining companies getting away with murder?

    29:01

    Grahame Russell of Rights Action joins us for a 30 minute interview about the health, environmental and other heinous human rights violations caused by Canadian mining companies in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador -- and about the impunity with which they operate.
    While our lying politicians and media tell us we are fighting for democracy in Libya and Afghanistan, we find out that really, Canadian Corporations are terrorists.
    This program is a shocking eye-opener.



    ©2011 Lazarus Productions

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    Interview: Mauricio Funes, president of El Salvador

    7:02

    Al Jazeera interviews Mauricio Funes, El Salvador's president, about the dangerous and growing drug trafficking situation in his country and the region.

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    El Salvadors gangs joining the drug trade

    3:02

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    El Salvador's president Funes has told Al Jazeera he is increasingly concerned about the recruitment of some of his country's most feared gangs or Maras. In particular, the MS 13, Mara Salvatrucha, who are being co-opted by Mexico's brutal Zetas cartel to work for them. In the country's poorest neighbourhoods young people are recruited as the foot soldiers of drug cartels in charge of extortion, kidnapping and killing. Al Jazeera's Lucia Newman reports from El Salvador's capital.

    At Al Jazeera English, we focus on people and events that affect people's lives. We bring topics to light that often go under-reported, listening to all sides of the story and giving a 'voice to the voiceless.'
    Reaching more than 270 million households in over 140 countries across the globe, our viewers trust Al Jazeera English to keep them informed, inspired, and entertained.
    Our impartial, fact-based reporting wins worldwide praise and respect. It is our unique brand of journalism that the world has come to rely on.
    We are reshaping global media and constantly working to strengthen our reputation as one of the world's most respected news and current affairs channels.

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    Engineers Without Borders Montana Tech Student Chapter El Salvador Road Project

    5:21

    This is a short documentary film about Montana Tech's Student Chapter of EWB and their involvement with the road project in El Salvador.

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    1stSpeakerPart2 - San Isidro. Gold mining murderers

    5:15

    First speaker at a one day seminar in San Isidro, describing the thuggish tactics of Canadian/Australian gold mining companies in the Cabanas Province of El Salvador. Several years ago community activist, Marcel Rivera was killed, with his pregnant wife. The lawyer speaking here has also been subject to persecution and death threats.

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